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Lesotho and FAO

Building resilience and sustainable food and nutrition security









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    Project
    Strengthening Capacity for Climate Adaptation in Lesotho - GCP/LES/049/LDF 2022
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    In many parts of southern Africa, agricultural production is stagnant or in decline, particularly in subsistence and smallholder agriculture. Among the reasons for this are climate variability and climate change, as resource poor farmers are unable to cope with or adapt to climate risks. The Kingdom of Lesotho is considered highly vulnerable to climate challenges. The country is over reliant on rainfed agriculture for food production and has a large poor rural population engaged in subsistence farming. Vulnerability in Lesotho is characterized by fragile and substantially degraded soils, high levels of food insecurity and poverty, and lack of infrastructure, which curtails the ability of the population to deal with increasing climate variability and climate change. The project aimed at reducing vulnerability, increasing adaptive capacity and building resilience at community level against the adverse impacts of climate change in the country. The project was designed to cover the four agro ecological zones of Lesotho, i.e. the lowlands, mountains, foothills and Senqu River Valley. Its specific objectives were to strengthen the implementation of sustainable land and water management (SLM/W) practices, and to promote diversified on and off farm livelihood strategies focused on crops and livestock.
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    Book (series)
    Terminal evaluation of “Strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation through support to integrated watershed management in Lesotho”
    Project symbol: GCP/LES/049/LDF - GEF ID: 5124
    2021
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    Climate change variability has impacts on Lesotho’s wetlands, which are host to a significant portion of the country’s predominately agricultural economy. Intervening in this sector could potentially increase food security and reduce poverty. FAO was called upon to implement sustainable land and water management practices and resource conservation in an effort to reduce the affected communities’ vulnerability while increasing their capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change. The evaluation found the project to be effective in improving the livelihoods and quality of life of the affected communities. It has been particularly relevant to Lesotho’s national priorities focusing on sustainable land management and drought management. Future projects should place more attention on gender issues, particularly showcasing how women’s livelihoods have been improved by FAO intervention.
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    Booklet
    Estimating the environmental impact of the Regeneration of Landscapes and Livelihoods (ROLL) project in Lesotho 2023
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    This assessment was undertaken as part of the project “Low carbon and resilient livestock development strategies for climate informed investments” (https://www.fao.org/climate-change/programmes-and-projects/detail/en/c/1401898/ ) jointly implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The project aims to support IFAD-funded projects in Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Rwanda and Tajikistan to develop and implement strategies that will improve livestock production while reducing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improving the resilience of farmers as part of the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Program (ASAP2). This report presents the impact of the Regeneration of Landscapes and Livelihoods (ROLL) project on greenhouse gas emissions and food security associated with sheep produced mainly for wool, goats produced mainly for mohair, dairy goats, meat goats, layer chicken and hatcheries covered in the ROLL project. It also provides recommendations for livestock investments to improve production efficiency while reducing absolute emissions and/or emissions intensity.

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