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Legal Recognition of Indigenous Groups









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    Mozambique’s legal framework for access to natural resources
    The impact of new legal rights and community consultations on local livelihoods
    2006
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    This paper represents part of an area of work which analyses access to natural resources in Mozambique. An initial paper examined the extent to which Mozambique’s recent regulatory changes to natural resource access and management have had their intended effects (LSP Working Paper 17: Norfolk, S. (2004). “Examining access to natural resources and linkages to sustainable livelihoods: a case study of Mozambique”). This paper is complemented by LSP Working Paper 27: Tanner et al. (2006). “Making ri ghts a reality: Participation in practice and lessons learned in Mozambique”. This report looks at one of the most important practical aspects of local participation in the Land Law and other natural resources legislation: the community consultation, through which outsiders – the State, new investors, timber companies, hotel groups – gain access to local land and resources with the approval of local people. In the consultation, the community is asked if the land required by the investor is occup ied or not.
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    Assessing the access to forest resources for improving livelihoods in West and Central Asia countries 2006
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    The contribution of natural resources to the livelihood strategies of poor people has long been appreciated as significant. How to ensure that poor people have rights and opportunities to access natural resources, as well as responsibilities for the sustainable management of natural resources, has become a central question in debates over poverty alleviation. The overarching development issue at the macro-level is: what contribution can natural resources make to poverty alleviation given an incr easingly complex reality of globalization, urbanization, rural diversification, technological innovation and livelihoods marked by insecurity and vulnerability to change.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    FAO Investment Centre Environmental Report Series N. 1
    Kenya: Aberdares Natural Resources Development Project, Environmental Impact Assessment Report, FAO Investment Centre-African Development Bank, 1997
    1998
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    FAO Investment Centre environmental reports are directed to environment and natural resources specialists. They address environmental issues associated with the formulation of investment projects for the agricultural/rural sector. This report describes an environmental assessment that contributed to improvements in the project design for the Aberdares Natural Resources Development Project in Kenya. The objective of this six-year project was to conserve and develop the natural resources of the Ab erdares region based on an integrated management approach involving local communities. Project preparation was done by the FAO Investment Centre in 1995 and appraisal took place in 1997 in parallel with the preparation of the environmental assessment by a multi-disciplinary team led by Centre staff. The major project investment consisted of the construction of some 360-km of fencing that would encircle the entire Aberdares park perimeter with the aim of reducing human-wildlife conflicts. The tea m examined three project scenarios: without project, with project and modified project. One of the key conclusions of the team was that as proposed the fence was not viable; a conclusion based on both economic and environmental considerations. Rather, replacing the fence with a mixed barrier and non-barrier system (e.g. game moats and topographic barriers) would improve the project. In addition, the mission recommended the completion of a comprehensive management plan prior to initiating any inv estment activities. The recommendations were accepted by the African Development Bank and the Government of Kenya and contributed to significant improvements in project design.

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