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Floating Garden Agricultural Practices in Bangladesh: A Proposal for Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)









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    Sado's satoyama in harmony with Japanese crested ibisi. Template for GIAHS proposal Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Initiative
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2016
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    With their ecosystem complexity, the satoyama and the satoumi landscapes in Sado Island harbor a variety of agricultural biodiversity, such as rice, beans, vegetables, potatoes, soba, fruit, grown in paddy fields and other fields, livestock, wild plants and mushrooms in forests, and many seafood in the coastal areas. Rice, beef and persimmon from the Sado are among the best in Japan. The satoyama in Sado was also the last habitat of the wild Japanese crested ibis, a cul-turally valued bird in Ja pan that feeds on paddy fields and roost on the tall trees. The history of rice cultivation and other agricultural practices in Sado can be traced back to the Yayoi period, 1700 years ago. Over the centuries, a diversified landscape has been produced and maintained by the communities inhabiting the island, that have developed locally adapted practices for resource use and management. For example, ingenious water management practices with over 1000 irri-gation ponds to cope with a scarcity of wat er resources coupled with rapid drainage of rainwater into the sea, while creating a rich local culture of rice farming, such as Kuruma Rice Planting listed as national important intangible cultural heritage. Pressures on food production during the gold rush of the Edo period (1603-1868) led to the development of rice terraces on hill slopes, which contribute to the landscape‟s aesthetic appeal as well as to the feeding ground of Japanese crested ibis.
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    A proposal for Declaration as a GIAHS: The Cascaded Tank-Village System (CTVS) in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Initiative
    2016
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    The Palugaswewa CTVS consists of 11 tanks, of which 5 irrigation tanks are operational and others are abandoned at present. Two tank-villages namely Udakadawala and Palugaswewa are located at the lower part of the cascade. The upper part is covered with dense forest and shrub jungle, where the wildlife is secured. The two village communities are self-sufficient in rice. All food items are produced by the farmers themselves. Well-drained paddy fields are used for cultivation of onion, chili, co rn and pulses during minor season. Legumes, coarse grains, fruits and vegetables are cultivated in uplands and home gardens. These crops bring significant income to the farmers. The tank itself is a basket of food including fish and aquatic food sources. Village commons, forest and the tank ecosystems enhance the bio-diversity. Upstream tree belt (gasgommana) and downstream kattakaduwa of the main tanks, while conserving water, provide wild fruit and food, local medicine and habitat to many pr edators.
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    Xuanhua Traditional Vineyards System. GIAHS Proposal for the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Initiative
    Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
    2013
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    Garden cultivation of Xuanhua milk grapes, with a long history of 1,300 years of cultivation in the local area, and which mainly includes the traditional technology of funnel frames and polyclonal hole-planting methods, has extremely important historical value and cultural connotations. The plantations are mainly distributed in Guanhou village, Penyao village and Dabei village of Chunguang Town, which is already included as one part of Xuanhua City. With the outstanding features of big bead, thi n skin, thick pulp, and moderate sweetness, Xuanhua milk grapes are called ‘treasure of the fruits’ and enjoys a high reputation both at home and abroad. The traditional cultivation of milk grapes is also a unique tourism attraction in Xuanhua District.

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