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Geographical Indications for sustainable food systems

Preserving and promoting agricultural and food heritage











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    Book (stand-alone)
    Promoting sustainability through the registration of geographical indications
    Guidelines for public authorities to examine applications
    2023
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    A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess characteristics or a reputation that are intrinsic to that origin. GIs can be registered as intellectual property rights (IPR) to ensure their protection. In countries where GIs are recognized under a public framework, public authorities can play an important role in the creation of favourable conditions for GIs to contribute to sustainable development and sustainable food systems. In particular, public authorities in charge of GI rights have an important responsibility when examining applications for protection, and the registration should ensure that GIs can function well. The examination of applications not only serves to verify the legitimacy of the GI as an IPR in terms of the link to the origin, but can also influence the GI system’s effectiveness and sustainability performance, in relation with key factors highlighted in the literature such as the clear definition of the specific quality linked to the geographical origin, the local governance, the appropriate marketing strategy. The objective of these guidelines is to provide guidance to public authorities and experts that examine GI applications. These guidelines provide examples and recommendations related to the procedures for the examination of GI requests. They focus on the two types of criteria for the registration: 1) the legal criteria that determine the admissibility for registration (link to origin) and 2) additional criteria that can be considered to help improve the GI system’s sustainability. Finally, the guidelines offer a list of questions to guide examiners along the examination process.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Proceedings of the Third regional consultation on geographical indications in Europe and Central Asia 2023
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    On 20 December, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and oriGIn hosted the online event, Third regional consultation on geographical indications in Europe and Central Asia. Some 111 representatives from 34 countries of geographical indications (GIs) groups, national intellectual property offices and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), other public authorities (the representatives of ministries for agriculture and the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development), as well as geographical indication (GI) experts, participated in the event. A discussion paper was presented during the consultation outlining key concepts and global trends concerning GIs today. The empirical material presented in the paper was primarily built on oriGIn and FAO experiences, but also on country studies prepared for the Russian Federation, Republic of Moldova, Georgia, a group of Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), as well as European Union countries (France, Poland, Hungary and Croatia). On behalf of oriGIn – the global alliance of GI – Massimo Vittori, Managing Director, coordinated the activities carried out by oriGIn.
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    Project
    Establishing a Geographical Indication System in Lao People’s Democratic Republic - UTF/LAO/026/LAO 2021
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    In recent years, the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) have developed Geographical Indication (GI) schemes. GIs are intellectual property (IP) rights that indicate food products or handicrafts as originating in a territory where a given quality and reputation or other unique characteristic of the goods, including raw materials or the methods of production used, is linked to provenance. Products that are GI certified can increase commercialization and promote trade at the international level. They can also have a significant impact at local level by enhancing rural livelihoods through income generation, investment promotion, the creation of local employment opportunities in the food, agriculture, and tourism sectors, and the prevention of rural exodus. This project was formulated to bring about these benefits for the small scale farmers and small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) that make up the majority of the food and agriculture sector in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. By focusing on the establishment of an internationally compliant GI system in the country and developing four GI pilot value chains in the agriculture sector, the project was designed to increase the competitiveness of the country at local and global level.

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