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Development of a Regional Aquatic Biosecurity Strategy for the Southern African Development Community (SADC)













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    Support the Implementation of SADC Food and Nutrition Security Strategy 2015-2025 - TCP/SFS/3703 2022
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    The Southern African Development Community is made up of 16 Member States The region continues to battle against the triple burden of malnutrition undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and overnutrition The principal causes of malnutrition are inadequate diet and diseases such as HIV and non communicable diseases According to the Joint Malnutrition Estimates of 2021 all countries in the region are classified as having high or very high levels of stunting Wasting and overweight are also of public health concern, with six countries having wasting at above 5 percent and three countries having overweight at above 10 percent Food insecurity is prevalent According to the SADC synthesis report for 2021 based on data submitted by ten countries in the region, around 47 6 million people are food insecure Because of the high level of food insecurity, most diets are cereal based and limited in dietary diversity The lack of diversity has also contributed to the high levels of micronutrient deficiencies in the region All countries have over 20 percent prevalence and many are off track according to the Global Nutrition Report The consequences of malnutrition include restricted physical and cognitive development of individuals, often leading to poor social and economic development Governments have a responsibility to create an enabling environment that encourages consumers to make healthy food choices and access high quality diets, thereby reducing healthcare costs and improving productivity and economic development In recognition of the importance of an integrated approach, SADC developed a Food and Nutrition Security Strategy 2015 2025 to support SADC Member States in addressing food insecurity and malnutrition The FNSS was endorsed and adopted by the SADC Council of Ministers in August 2014 This project was implemented within the larger framework of the SADC FNSS, based on the gaps identified by the Member States.
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    Strengthening Capacity of SADC Secretariat in Implementing the SADC Fisheries Programme - TCP/SFS/3603 2021
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    The Southern African Development Community comprises 15 Member States, with a total estimated population of 285 million people 2012 growing at an annual rate of 2 5 percent Poverty remains one of the greatest challenges facing the region, where about 40 percent of the population live below the poverty line Fisheries are a significant social and economic sector in the region, contributing an average of 2 2 percent to gross domestic product Between 2003 and 2015 fisheries production showed positive growth, with substantial increases in aquaculture In addition to its importance to the economies of the region, the fisheries sector makes an irreplaceable contribution to nutrition and food security, providing the only affordable source of several essential nutrients in most SADC countries Despite this, the sector continues to experience problems, including illegal, unregulated and unreported ( fishing, the degradation of aquatic environments and pollution, climate change, fish diseases, a lack of capacity to effectively manage fish stocks, limited investments in aquaculture and unsustainable aquaculture practices The SADC Protocol on Fisheries implementation strategy was approved in 2010 in the form of an SADC Fisheries Programme, prioritizing aquaculture, the fight against IUU fishing, the fish trade, the management of shared fisheries resources and small scale/artisanal fisheries However, lack of capacity and available funding negatively affected the implementation of the Programme The aim of the project was to support the SADC Secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the SADC Fisheries Programme and to build the capacity of Member States to domesticate the Protocol on Fisheries.
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    Support Towards the Development of a SADC Harmonized Fertilizer Regulatory Framework (HFRF) - TCP/SFS/3802 2024
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    Agriculture is the backbone of most economies in Southern Africa, accounting for a significant share of their gross domestic product (GDP), ranging from 4 to 27 percent, and contributing to around 20 percent of the total export earnings for the Member States of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The SADC is an intergovernmental organization with the aim of promoting regional cooperation and integration in Southern Africa to achieve sustainable economic development, peace, and security in the region. Its members include Angola, Botswana, the Comoros, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. A primary obstacle hindering economic growth, food security, and the reduction of poverty in the SADC region is the limited agricultural productivity, which can be partially attributed to the inadequate utilization of sometimes poor quality fertilizers in the face of significant soil erosion and nutrient leaching.

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