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Change in water-use efficiency over time (SDG indicator 6.4.1)

Analysis and interpretation of preliminary results in key regions and countries












Rossi, A., Biancalani, R. & Chocholata, L. 2019. Change in water-use efficiency over time (SDG indicator 6.4.1): Analysis and interpretation of preliminary results in key regions and countries. Rome, FAO.



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  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Progress on water use efficiency - Global baseline for SDG 6 Indicator 6.4.1 2018
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    Access to safe water and sanitation and sound management of freshwater ecosystems are at the very core of sustainable development. This is the aim of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which includes approaches to water management supported by international cooperation, capacity building and stakeholder participation. Indicator 6.4.1 has been designed to assess the economic and social use of water resources in terms of the value added when they are used in different sectors of the economy. Water-use efficiency is strongly influenced by a country’s economic structure, the proportion of water intensive sectors and any “real” improvements or deteriorations. Increasing water-use efficiency over time means decoupling economic growth from water use across the main water-using sectors, which are agriculture, industry, energy and municipal water supply. This report describes the methodology for the assessment of SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water use efficiency, illustrating its development in the pilot phase of the GEMI project and the technical steps needed to apply it. It passes to present the data collection process, and the role of the various national and international stakeholders in the monitoring process. Finally, the report shows the results of the first implementation of the indicator, defining its baseline and proposing key messages for the interpretation of the results.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Progress on change in water-use efficiency
    Global status and acceleration needs for SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2021
    2021
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    The global indicator on water-use efficiency tracks to what extent a country’s economic growth is dependent on the use of water resources, and enables policy and decision-makers to target interventions at sectors with high water use and low levels of improved efficiency over time. This indicator addresses the economic component of target 6.4. In this report, you can learn more about the global and country progress on water-use efficiency. More information and methodological guidance can be found at: www.fao.org/sustainable-development-goals/ indicators/641 This report is part of a series that tracks progress towards the various targets set out in SDG 6 using the SDG global indicators. To learn more about water and sanitation in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Integrated Monitoring Initiative for SDG 6, visit our website: www.sdg6monitoring.org
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Course: SDG Indicator 6.4.1 - Change in water use efficiency over time 2018
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    This fact sheet presents a course that provides guidance on the rationale and the main characteristics of Indicator 6.4.1, and on how to compute the two dimensions constituting the indicator: the hydrologic and the economic component. It also highlights possible challenges related to data availability, and the impact that monitoring results may have on national decision-making and identification of development policies.

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