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Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety












FAO. 2020. Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety. Food safety and quality series No. 8. Rome.




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    Presentation
    The impact of climate change on food safety, 17 November 2020 2020
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    The presentation highlights the key messages from the FAO publication, Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety. Climate change is associated with rising temperatures, droughts, wildfires as well as the amplification and increased frequency of extreme weather events like hurricanes. These changes have implications for food safety and food security. However, while climate change impacts on food security are well-known, the implications for food safety have received less attention. To address this, a document, Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety, was recently published by FAO which identified some anticipated and current food safety issues that are associated with various climate change-related environmental factors. Apart from raising awareness of the issue, the objective of the publication was also to help foster better international cooperation in reducing the global burden of these concerns.
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    Meeting
    Country Report proposed by Iran 2002
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    Besides, increase in the urban population and reduction in rural community has caused fundamental changes in food consumption pattern, processing and hazards. Not very far in the past, factors like bacteria, parasites and viruses were the moist biological important causal agents of diseases and illness in humans consuming contaminated food. Although, these organisms still play major role in creating health problems in consumers, the new hazards like veterinary drug residues, pesticides and other chemicals like heavy metals and other environmental contaminating agents are also additional pollutants which are as important as biological factors. Mentioning that and considering the food safety, observing hygiene along the line of production to consumption chain is vital and needs renewal of outlook from government agents, producers and industries.
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    Article
    Making food systems more resilient to food safety risks by including artificial intelligence, big data, and internet of things into food safety early warning and emerging risk identification tools 2024
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    To enhance the resilience of food systems to food safety risks, it is vitally important for national authorities and international organizations to be able to identify early signals of emerging food safety risks and to provide early warning in a timely manner. This review provides an overview of existing and experimental applications of artificial intelligence (AI), big data, and internet of things tools and methods as part of early warning and emerging risk identification in the food safety domain. There is an ongoing rapid development of systems fed by numerous, real-time, and diverse data with the aim of early warning and identification of emerging food safety risks. The suitability of big data and AI to support such systems is illustrated by two cases in which climate change drives the emergence of risks, namely, harmful algal blooms affecting seafood and fungal growth and mycotoxin formation in crops. Automation and machine learning are crucial for the development of future real-time food safety risk early warning systems. Although these developments and tools increase the feasibility and effectiveness of prospective early warning and emerging risk identification, their implementation may prove challenging, particularly for low- and middle-income countries due to low connectivity and data availability. It is advocated to overcome these challenges by improving the capability and capacity of national authorities, as well as by enhancing their collaboration with the private sector and international organizations.

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