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Peatland mapping and monitoring

Recommendations and technical overview











​FAO. 2020. Peatland mapping and monitoring – Recommendations and technical overview. Rome.




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    Project
    Developing an Innovative Peatlands Monitoring System - UNJP/GLO/927/OPS 2021
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    Peatlands cover only 3 percent of global land area but store nearly 30 percent of the world’s soil carbon, and may contain twice as much carbon as the world’s forests. Peat related emissions are significant and are estimated to cause approximately 10 percent of total anthropogenic emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land use sectors, and at least 5 percent of global emissions. In addition to climate mitigation, they play a significant role in providing other ecosystem services that support the adaptive capacity of ecosystems and communities. Against this background, the project aimed to address the critical need for improved peatland monitoring systems. The first phase of the project focused on the global development of monitoring tools, approaches and guidance for peatlands monitoring, as well as a robust tool for estimating peatland emissions and removals from degradation and restoration. The focus moved to Indonesia in the second phase, which has 40 percent of all known tropical peatlands, to pilot test the methods and work towards an operational peatland monitoring system in the country, which would have application and utility in many countries containing peat.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Peatlands and climate planning
    Part 1: Peatlands and climate commitments
    2022
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    Peatlands contain huge carbon stocks yet they cover only 3 percent of the world’s land area. Improved peatland management provides climate change mitigation and adaptation opportunities. Peatland conservation and restoration also secures ecosystem services that support adaptive capacity and resilience. This brief is part of the Global Peatlands Initiative’s work to support national governments in the process of enhancing their climate commitments, such as the nationally determined contributions as well as the long-term strategies through the inclusion of climate action on peatlands. Including peatlands under various sectors’ emission reduction and adaptation targets, such as in the agriculture, forestry and other land use sector, the energy sector, can greatly contribute to reaching the goals set under the Paris Agreement. This is the first of a package of products to inform key stakeholders on practical and applicable means. The authors aim to motivate national agencies to include peatland considerations into national legislative, regulatory, planning and monitoring processes to ensure climate action implementation on these ecosystems.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Peatlands – guidance for climate change mitigation through conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable use 2012
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    Peatland drainage - mainly for agriculture, grazing and forestry - and peat fires are responsible for almost one quarter of carbon emissions from the land use sector. Peatlands and organic soils contain 30 percent of the world’s soil carbon but only cover 3 percent of the Earth’s land area. Peatlands provide many important ecosystem services, including water regulation, biodiversity conservation, and carbon sequestration and storage. Through conservation, restoration and better management, organ ic soils and peatlands can make a substantial contribution to reducing atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. This report provides information on management and finance options to achieve emissions reductions and enhance other vital ecosystem services from peatlands. A decision support tree guides users through potential options for the management of both cultivated and uncultivated peatlands. The report also summarizes the methodologies and data available for quantifying greenhouse gas emis sions from peatlands and organic soils. Practical approaches are presented concerning measuring, reporting and verification, and accounting of greenhouse gas emissions. Country-specific case studies illustrate the problems, solutions and opportunities associated with peatland management. This report is a handbook for policy-makers, technical audiences and others interested in peatlands. This is the second edition of the report, which was first published in May 2012. The second edition has new in formation concerning grazing on peatlands and updates related to the finance options as well as measuring, reporting and verifying emissions and emission reductions. The authors of the report welcome any feedback or input (micca@fao.org) and hope that the information provided may support efforts to make a meaningful contribution to combat climate change through conservation, rehabilitation and sustainable use of peatland.

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