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Indigenous women, daughters of Mother Earth










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    COVID-19 and indigenous peoples 2020
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    There are 476 million indigenous peoples around the world, constituting 6.2 percent of the global population and, according to different sources, representing more than 19 percent of the extreme poor. Indigenous peoples are not a homogenous group. They live in over 90 countries, in rural and urban areas, in forests, savannahs, mountains, and along the coasts, in low, middle- and high-income countries. However, they all share a history of discrimination and marginalization that in the context of COVID-19 – once again – challenges their existence. This document provides a series of recommendations to governments on how to face COVID-19 impacts on indigenous peoples.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Indigenous Peoples in the Asia-Pacific region
    Factsheet on Indigenous Women for Asia and the Pacific
    2018
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    The factsheet gives a brief overview of indigenous peoples in the Asia and the Pacific region, which is home to the largest number of indigenous people with 70 percent of the 370 million original inhabitants worldwide. They share a strong connection to their lands and have developed a rich body of traditional knowledge on agro biodiversity and preservation of endangered seeds that enriches all. However, across the Asia Pacific indigenous peoples are among the most vulnerable and marginalized peoples. Recent estimates indicate that indigenous peoples make up approximately 5 percent of the global population and they comprise about 15 percent of the global extreme poor. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has long realized that in order to achieve its mandate of eradicating food and nutrition insecurity and poverty through sustainable agricultural development and natural resource management, development efforts must include farmers, fisherfolks and forest dependent people, including indigenous peoples, as key actors and partners. Indigenous peoples in the region include tribal peoples, hill tribes, aboriginal people and ethnic minorities. Irrespective of their legal status or the way in which countries refer to them, many indigenous peoples of Asia, experience non-recognition of their cultural identity.
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    Document
    Sustainable Development Goal 16 & Indigenous Peoples’ Collective Rights to Land, Territories & Resources 2021
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    Land rights are interlinked with peace and development, being the trigger for conflict and disputes involving Indigenous Peoples’ rights in almost every region in the world (United Nations Indigenous Peoples Major Group for Sustainable Development, 2019). Access to land is closely related to the right to adequate food, as recognized under article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and article 11 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Natural resources are the main direct source of food for the majority of Indigenous Peoples. While land and water are central to food production, forest resources provide a basis for subsistence harvesting as well as for income-generating activities, e.g. through the collection and use of non-wood forest products. Thus Indigenous Peoples’ right to food often depends closely on their access to and control over their lands and other natural resources in their territories. For many traditional communities, especially those living in remote regions, access to hunting, fishing and gathering grounds for their subsistence livelihoods is essential for ensuring their adequate nutrition, as they may have no physical or economic access to marketed food (Knuth, 2009). There is therefore a key relationship between realising the right to food and improving access to natural resources which is also recognised by the Voluntary Guidelines to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security (Right to Food Guidelines) adopted by FAO Council in 2004. This paper has highlights the intrinsic relationship that exists between the collective of Indigenous Peoples to land, territories and resources, and SDG 16 on peace justice and strong institutions. In the light of the goals set out in the 2030 Agenda, the fulfillment of the entire SDGs for Indigenous Peoples depends on the legal recognition and legal protection of their collective rights as an essential condition for the implementation of the right to self-determination as enshrined in UNDRIP and the other international treaties. The legal protection of collective rights of Indigenous Peoples implies not only respecting their collective right to natural resources which is at the core of FAO’s mandate, but also their right to exercise their justice and governance systems. Respect for their institutions, legal regimes, and customary law within the framework of legal pluralism is an intrinsic part of SDG16, and the achievement of peace depends precisely on this.

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