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Towards durable solutions: Sustainable reintegration of the forcibly displaced

Rebuilding agricultural livelihoods and rural communities








FAO. 2023. Towards durable solutions: Sustainable reintegration of the forcibly displaced – Rebuilding agricultural livelihoods and rural communities. Rome.



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    Booklet
    Towards durable solutions
    FAO's programming in forced displacement contexts
    2020
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    This brochure provides an overview of FAO’s work in forced displacement contexts. It highlights key approaches to forced displacement programming and policy, including tailored approaches to partnership and data and evidence, with a view to achieving durable solutions to forced displacement for both displaced and host communities. Examples of FAO’s work in a number of forced displacement contexts are explored, emphasizing the crucial role it is playing in protecting and rebuilding livelihoods, strengthening food security and nutrition, enhancing self-reliance and fostering inclusion, gender equality and social cohesion at a community level.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Forced Displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa
    Land Governance: Land and Forced Displacement
    2024
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    Land and land-based resources are often at the center of forced displacement. A total of 45 percent of displaced persons worldwide live in sub-Saharan Africa. The duration of displacement which has now reached 20 years calls for the design of long-term solutions to avoid another cycle of conflict and displacement. Ethnic-related conflicts that lead to forced displacement may result from population growth and increased competition for land and other productive natural resources. Domesticating regional and international protocols in policies, laws and procedures can assist countries in providing protection and assistance to displaced persons, foster harmonious relations between displaced persons and their host communities, and offer support to returnees in their efforts to reintegrate and rebuild their livelihoods. Designing responsive policies and interventions on land and natural resources-based conflicts should be informed by a well-nuanced understanding of the drivers, patterns, and dynamics of the conflict. Design, formulation and implementation of interventions should be done through participatory and meaningful consultation of displaced persons, host communities and returnees to ensure they respond to their needs. The regional nature of forced displacements calls for the harmonization of policies on the movement of people, livestock, and goods. Humanitarian interventions for displaced persons should aim at encouraging voluntary return whenever it is safe to do so.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The transformative role of agriculture in refugee settings
    Amplifying the voices of refugees and host communities
    2023
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    Forced displacement has reached a scale not seen since records began. It has not only increased to an unprecedented level, but so too has its average duration. Latest reports indicate that over 110 million people are currently estimated to be forcibly displaced, and two in three refugees are projected to live in a long-term displacement situation (ten years or more, on average). Traditional responses to forced displacement crises, which are based on providing emergency aid for prolonged periods of time, do not meaningfully contribute to forcibly displaced people's long-term resilience and self-reliance. The global drive to achieve durable solutions for forcibly displaced people has never been stronger. Refugees have frequently shared that they do not want to be dependent on humanitarian assistance. It is due time to listen and provide the tools and support they have been asking for to ensure they can reach their goals and the right solution to their displacement. This publication shares the individual stories of South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Uganda and Kenya that have benefited from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO’s) agricultural livelihood interventions in refugee settings. It explores FAO’s life-saving and resilience-building work with refugees, and calls for a shift in the way durable solutions are achieved. FAO believes that participating in agriculture can transform the lives of forcibly displaced people; that it can build their resilience to climate change, their self-reliance to dictate their own futures, and contribute to local peace between refugees and host communities. Based on FAO’s experience in displacement settings and the testimonies of people affected by forced displacement, the publication also lays out the needed responses required from stakeholders to deliver durable solutions.

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