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Promoting economic diversification and decent rural employment towards greater resilience to food price volatility






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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Rural Social Protection - Promoting resilient livelihoods and the economic potential of the rural poor and vulnerable 2019
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    Three-quarters of the world’s poorest and most undernourished people live in rural areas. They are predominantly family farmers (including youth, fishers and foresters) with few to no assets, engaged in low-quality, low-paid labour, dependent on agriculture and natural resources for their livelihoods. They struggle to access social and financial services, infrastructure, markets or innovative technologies and practices, preventing advancement to more efficient, sustainable and productive livelihoods. They are particularly vulnerable to economic, climatic and conflict-related risks and shocks. Such shocks can have devastating impacts on income and livelihoods, and push people into negative coping strategies, such as the sale of productive assets, over-deforestation or cutting the quality of children’s diets, exacerbating the cycle of food insecurity and poverty. Women and girls face extra challenges due to gender-related inequalities. FAO is working to support governments and key stakeholders in expanding basic social-protection coverage to protect the world’s poorest and most marginalized. Access to social protection has not only been proven to keep people from hunger and extreme poverty, but can also enhance their livelihood options, most of which are agriculture-related.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Food price spikes, increasing volatility and global economic shocks
    coping with challenges to food security in Asia
    2012
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    Asia is not only the most populous and the most economically vibrant region in the world today, it is also home to the largest number of poor and food insecure people in the world. Improving and sustaining food security in Asia poses formidable challenges in an increasingly unstable global economic environment. During the past five years the region has had to confront two sharp price spikes (in 2007-08 and 2010-11) and the impact of the global economic crisis that followed the global financial c risis of 2008. Though Asia coped with these huge shocks without a slide into large scale food insecurity, it is clear from recent developments in global food markets and the ongoing turmoil in the global economy that there is no room for complacency. How Asian countries coped with these multiple crises are an important source of policy lessons and guidance. This publication provides a synthesis of country studies in Asia - Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines, Sr i Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam - with a view towards analyzing the nature, outcomes and effectiveness of particular policy responses. It examines the extent to which immediate and longer term food security issues were addressed in programmes undertaken to cope with the crises and the lessons that have emerged for countries, as well as for regional and global cooperation to meet food security challenges.
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    Document
    FAO and EU Food Facility. Ex-Post Economic Impact Assessment 2012
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    In 2007-2008, agriculture commodity prices skyrocketed worldwide. The 2009 financial crisis extended the global recession. As of 2012, prices continue to remain higher than at pre-crisis levels and trends are marked by volatility. These shocks have had both short- and long-term adverse affects on the earning capacity and prospects of the poor, especially net food buyers. The combined effect of the high food prices and the global financial crisis of 2009 have driven an estimated 105 million peopl e into hunger and malnutrition. Although the effects have been pronounced in urban areas, of the 1.1 billion people living in poverty, an estimated 70 percent reside in rural areas and depend on the productivity of ecosystems for their livelihoods1. Many of these rural poor are smallholder farmers whose opportunities to benefit from higher food prices are constrained by a lack of access to inputs, such as improved and quality seeds, chemicals, fertilizers and adequate mechanization, as well as a ppropriate technical advice and access to markets. The European Union (EU) allocated EUR 1 billion for a food price crisis response facility to deliver emergency assistance in a manner that would provide immediate relief for those adversely affected by high food prices and improve the capacities of vulnerable rural people to: (i) increase agricultural productivity; (ii) generate more income; and (iii) secure livelihoods against future food price shocks. The idea was to support effective transiti ons between humanitarian action and development processes, focusing on programmes that would have both a rapid and lasting impact on food security.

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