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Technical Support for the Establishment of the Lesotho Soils Information System (LESIS) - TCP/LES/3602









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    Project
    Establishment of a Lesotho National Farmer Registry and Electronic Voucher Management System - TCP/LES/3701 2022
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    Agriculture is the primary source of income and employment in Lesotho, with 65 8 percent of the population living in rural regions as of 2016 However, in favorable crop years Lesotho can only meet 30 percent of its annual cereal requirement and recently its agricultural production has declined further Floods, droughts, frost, fluctuating meteorological conditions, and a shortened growing season all contribute to lower agricultural output and yields Soil erosion as well as falling agricultural investments aggravate this challenging situation As a result, the country highly relies on importation to meet the food needs of its population The poor and most vulnerable households are significantly impacted by the declining agricultural productivity with their ability to recover from climate related shocks also diminishing These deplorable conditions were outlined when the country experienced one of the worst droughts in its history, affecting approximately 680 000 people in 2015 and 2016 Today, an estimated 57 percent of the population lives in poverty, earning less than USD 1 a day Lesotho also has a high malnutrition rate, with 33 percent of children under the age of five being stunted.
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    Technical Support to Water and Soil Rehabilitation for Improved Climate Resilience in Golestan, Khouzestan and Lorestan Provinces - TCP/IRA/3703 2022
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    Following spring floods in the Islamic Republic of Iran in 2019 the government requested FAO to assist the Ministry of Agriculture Jahad in the rehabilitation of the three most affected provinces of Lorestan Khouzestan and Golestan The agriculture sector in these provinces had suffered serious losses as a result of damage to land and water resources The recovery process was further impeded by the significant level of soil erosion caused by the flood and rainwaters The impact on soils will have longer term effects on land productivity and yields in these areas and, in some cases, it may be necessary to change land use, resulting in the loss of farms and creating a need for alternative livelihood opportunities for flood affected farmers that are resilient to climate change impacts and natural hazards In Lorestan and Khouzestan provinces, both of which have distinct ecological characteristics, the floods damaged not only farmlands but also agricultural infrastructures Lorestan province is a mountainous region with steeped farmlands and deep valleys The sudden over accumulation of rain destroyed bridges and orchards, and washed away three pumping stations, used to irrigate over 5 000 ha of farms Khouzestan province, on the other hand, is a flat plain with low elevation Three months after the floods, water logging and an increase in land salinity were observed in some areas, particularly in areas that are lower than the surrounding plain.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Land reclamation - briefing note 2021
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    Lebanon is a small country with several agro-ecological zones and agriculture arable land estimated at 231 000 ha. The most fertile and productive lands are located in the Bekaa Valley, the Plain of Akkar and the thin strip of coastal plains. In other hilly and mountainous regions, most of the slopes have been carved into agriculture terraces for centuries. Mountain agriculture is characterized by small holdings sustaining poor farmers and a large number of households for whom agriculture is a secondary source of income. Land reclamation and terracing are considered as cultural heritage, a key traditional know-how in soil and water conservation and a major infrastructure in controlling soil erosion and land degradation on mountain slopes. The diminishing development of such erosion control measures due to high costs and weak financial capacities of farmers has forced many small holders to abandon their land.

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