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Forest genetic resources









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    Book (stand-alone)
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Forest Genetic Resources No. 25 1997
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    The present issue of Forest Genetic Resources (FGR) goes to press immediately following the Eleventh World Forestry Congress held in Turkey 13-22 October 1997, which more than 4000 colleagues from 145 countries attended. In regard to the conservation and use of forest genetic resources, the Congress, in its deliberations and report, stressed that action to conserve, manage, sustainably utilize and enhance forest genetic resources is an urgent priority. The lead article in the present issue, whil e focusing on temperate conifers, will provide guidance in the development of in situ strategies also in other ecological zones. In addition, FGR No. 25 includes a number of additional notes and articles from colleagues in all regions of the world.
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    Booklet
    Breeding strategies for sustainable genetic improvement of Caucasian and Carpathian Brown cattle breeds 2020
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    The aim of FAO project TCP/RER/3604 was to elaborate breeding goals and plans for breeding and breed development of Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia and Carpathian Brown Cattle in Ukraine. As a first step, information was collected about the breeds themselves and the environments in which they are kept. Approximately 300 phenotypic pure cows and 20 pure bulls were selected in each country, and phenotypic information was recorded. The assessments were carried out under the guidance of Tamas Szobolevszki, with support from each country’s national consultants and service providers. Genetic material was collected, genotyped, and used for a study on the genetic background of the breeds by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna (FAO/IAEA, 2019). At two workshops held with stakeholders involved in the breed development of Caucasian/Carpathian Brown Cattle, a concept of a breeding strategy was developed, taking circumstances for implementation into account. The overall goal of the strategy is to conserve Carpathian Brown Cattle and Caucasian Brown Cattle breeds by making use of the potential for improving the breeds genetically. As the population of the pure Caucasian Brown Cattle in Armenia and Georgia is about 70 000 and 160 000 cows, respectively, this document has developed a breeding program with the aim of increasing the genetic gain for Pure Caucasian Brown, according the breeding goal for the breed. For Carpathian Brown, whose population is estimated at fewer than 1 000, the aim is to develop an in situ conservation program.

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