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Supporting rural youth entrepreneurship to reduce migration in Honduras











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    Booklet
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Tunisia and Ethiopia
    Youth mobility, food security and rural poverty reduction (RYM) project
    2018
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    Each year, rural areas lose a promising share of their workforce, as youth leave their homes and migrate to cities or move abroad in search of a better future. The distress induced by poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities push many youth around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. By addressing the links between distress migration and rural development, FAO is making a difference in Tunisia and Ethiopia. With funding from the Italian Development Cooperation, the Rural Youth Mobility Project (RYM) was launched in 2015 to provide unemployed youth in migration-prone areas the two countries with the necessary training and equipment to start their rural enterprises. The aim is to promote innovative pathways for youth employment and entrepreneurship in rural areas. This publication describes the impact of the Project on rural communities in Tunisia and Ethiopia, through the testimonies of the young beneficiaries.
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    Project
    Reducing Rural Youth Migration in Kenya - GCP/KEN/087/ITA 2022
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    The key focus of the project was on strengthening the enabling environment to provide alternatives to youth migration, and on harnessing the potential of migration for local development by directly supporting key policy processes in the area of migration, social protection and value chain development. The project engaged rural youth and other value chain actors in productive activities along agrifood value chains and assisted youth entrepreneurs to scale up their businesses along selected value chains. The capacity of youth was increased through technical and business training, coaching and business mentoring, as well as by facilitating access to markets, credit, input provision and non financial support services. At institutional level, technical assistance was provided in the review and finalization of five government policies. At field level, the project organized 1 087 young into 58 groups along four value chains (herbs and spices, improved local chicken, indigenous vegetables and pig) with high potential for employment and income generation. Relevant training was provided, along with assets and inputs worth USD 210 794 to support agro enterprises at farm level. Youth were also engaged in business to business roundtables, as a result of which 325 youth (190 male and 135 female) benefited from improved linkages to other markets and off takers. In terms of improving access to finance, 40 youth groups from 29 wards across the six sub counties benefited from loans totalling KES 5.7 million disbursed by the Youth Enterprise Development Fund.
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    Project
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Ethiopia and Tunisia - GCP/INT/240/ITA 2019
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    Poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities drive many young men and women around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. In Africa, where youth underemployment and unemployment rates are particularly high, many young people move away from rural areas, also because they do not perceive agriculture as an attractive and remunerative sector. The project aimed to address the adverse drivers of migration in two target countries, Tunisia and Ethiopia, which are particularly prone to rural outmigration of youth, while at the same time harnessing the development potential of migratory movements. In particular, the project focused on the promotion of innovative mechanisms to create job and entrepreneurial opportunities in rural areas. It also filled evidence gaps on the determinants and impacts of rural migration and promoted better policy integration between migration, agriculture and rural development.

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