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Designing Effective Policies to Improve the Diets and Nutrition of Women of Reproductive Age in Cambodia, Ethiopia and Zambia - GCP/GLO/701/GER








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    MOVING FORWARD ON CHOOSING A STANDARD OPERATIONAL INDICATOR OF WOMEN’S DIETARY DIVERSITY 2015
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    Monotonous diets fail to meet Human micronutrients' needs. Consequently, dietary diversity is crucial for vulnerable groups, in particular for women of reproductive age (WRA). Could the dietary diversity be measured and used as a simple population-level proxy indicator collected via large-scale surveys to reflect the micronutrient adequacy of WRA’s diets? In 2005-2010, results from the Women’s Dietary Diversity Project (WDDP) on the relationship between food group diversity and micronutrient a dequacy of the diets of WRA did not lead to the development of a dichotomous indicator for use across all contexts. To address this need, FAO initiated in 2012 a follow-up project (WDDP II) aiming to a) identify additional datasets to analyse; b) explore if larger number of datasets strengthens evidence to inform the most appropriate food group composition to comprise the indicator; c) investigate whether a standard cut-off can be identified to formulate a valid dichotomous women’s dietary diver sity indicator.
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    Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women 2016
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    Women of reproductive age (WRA) are often nutritionally vulnerable because of the physiological demands of pregnancy and lactation. Requirements for most nutrients are higher for pregnant and lactating women than for adult men. The Minimum Dietary Diversity for WRA (MDD-W) 3 indicator defined and described in this document is a food group diversity indicator that has been shown to reflect one key dimension of diet quality: micronutrient adequacy, summarised across 11 micronutrients (Martin-P r ével et al., 2015). The indicator constitutes an important step towards filling the need for indicators for use in national and subnational assessments. Such indicators must be relatively simple to collect and suitable for large surveys.
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    Minimum dietary diversity for women
    An updated guide to measurement - from collection to action
    2021
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    Women of reproductive age (WRA) are often nutritionally vulnerable because of the physiological demands of pregnancy and lactation. Requirements for most nutrients are higher for pregnant and lactating women than for adult men. The Minimum Dietary Diversity for WRA (MDD-W) indicator is a food-based diversity indicator that has been shown to reflect one key dimension of diet quality: micronutrient adequacy summarized across 11 micronutrients (Martin-Prével et al., 2015). Since the launch of the MDD-W indicator in 2015, new global developments and research conducted in three countries to further determine best practices in the data collection resulted in new information and guidelines. This research was supported by capacity-development activities on the assessment of individual food consumption. This publication is an update to the 2016 FAO/FHI 360 joint publication MDD-W: A Guide to Measurement. It includes guidance on the most accurate and valid methodologies on collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data on women’s dietary diversity, for use in research, impact assessment and large-scale, health and nutrition surveys such as the Demographic Health Survey (DHS), to generate nationally representative data, that are comparable over time and across countries. In addition to supporting the regular collection of high-quality dietary data following standardized methodologies, the publication also aims to promote dialogues on and appropriate application of the data towards informing policy and programming decisions and monitoring and evaluation of nutrition outcomes and progress at global, regional, and country levels.

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