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Toward a sustainable catch







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    The by-Catch from Indian Shrimp Trawlers in the Bay of Bengal-BOBP/WP/68 1991
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    Shrimps are a major foreign exchange earner for India. But in the race for valuable shrimp, the considerable by-catch hauled up with it is, by and large, ignored in parts of the country. This by-catch is almost 90 per cent of the shrimp caught. This report, based principally on work done in 1988, documents work on assessing the volume and composition of shrimp by-catch discarded by trawlers on India’s east coast and identifies the constraints to its improved utilization. At the time this stud y was undertaken, the provisional estimate of by-catch discards was approximately 100,000 t/a year. Though the numbers have changed since, the loss of by-catch continues to be substantial off this coast. Consequently, more detailed work has followed in specific areas, using this work as a basis. The study of shrimp by-catch and this report, which documents the work done, have been sponsored by the Bay of Bengal Programme’s (BOBP’s) Post-Harvest Fisheries Project. This project has been executed by the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), U.K. and has been funded by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA) of the United Kingdom. During the work the best available experts were engaged and consulted. Besides the BOBP and NRI staff, they included counterparts and fishermen, A. Seetharamaswamy in Vishakhapatnam, and Roger Kullberg who provided invaluable assistance with data collection.
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    Kattumaram Fisheries and Fisherfolk; A Study in Kothapatnam Pallipalem, Andhra Pradesh, India-BOBP/WP/70 1991
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    This working paper describes the attempt made to conduct an integrated study of the biological, economic and sociological aspects of the fisheries and fisherfolk that use one of the most traditional and popular fishing craft of the east coast of India kattumaram. The benefits of the results from such an approach are also presented in this report. The paper discusses the significance of using one or more types of fishing gear with such a traditional craft, correlation between income from fishin g and income from other sources and consequent diversity in income categories, relative performance by other types of craft, interactive fishing problems, exploitation of resources, underutilized resources, motorization of traditional craft, marketing practices and improvements and opportunities for additional/alternative income generation. Periodic exchanges of information between the study-group and fisherfolk, in the course of this study, opened the doors to communication with fisherfolk on i ssues concerning resources and management and culminated in the preparation of a series of extension material in this field. This project was carried out in cooperation with the Department of Fisheries, Andhra Pradesh State, India, and was sponsored by a Bayof Bengal Programme (BOBP) project, ‘Small-Scale Fisherfolk Communities in the Bay of Bengal’ (GCP/RAS/118/MUL). The post-harvest technological investigations were conducted under the direction and supervision of Mr. David Walker, Adviser , ODA. The socio-economic investigations were conducted by Ms. Christina Lundquist, Socio-economist (APO) of the Bay of Bengal Programme. And Messrs P.R. Prathap Kumar and I. Ramaswamy were responsible for painstakingly collecting most of the data included in this report.

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