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Workshop on Sharing Experiences on Cattle Breeding Activities Among Smallholders

1-2 December 2022, Budapest, Hungary










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    Project
    Enhancing Cattle Production in Azerbaijan through Effective Cattle Breeding and Feeding Systems - UTF/AZE/010/AZE 2023
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    Improved and sustainable livestock production is a national priority for agricultural development in Azerbaijan, and animal breeding and feeding are necessary components of this. In this context, cattle is the most important component of the livestock sector in the country. A large number of households keeps cows, but there are very few professional farmers. The average dairy cattle breeding household has fewer than five cows, which are sustained under extensive systems and produce an average of 1 528 litresper cow per year and 150 kg of meat per adult cattle. The level of low productivity is mainly caused by poor quality of feed, absence of concentrates, and a lack of correct animal reproductive practices. In addition, pastures are not properly managed, the forage is of poor quality, while good quality silage is not produced due to insufficient knowledge and technology. Against this background, the main objective of the project was to improve cattle productivity by establishing appropriate breeding management and strengthening services for artificial insemination (AI) and feeding systems.
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    Disease control in semen and embryos 1985
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    International exchange of genetic material has for a long time been one of the means by which the productivity of livestock industries could be increased. In addition to the traditional movement of live animals for this purpose, the technique for artificial insemination has facilitated the movement of male gametes while recently the possibility of transferring embryos has provided a further means by which the transfer of genetic material across national borders could be effected. However, all the above means of exchanging genetic material run the risk of simultaneously transferring disease causing micro-organisms,  In order to provide its Member Governments with guidelines on how best to overcome such risks without unduly hampering the desirable movement of genetic material, FAO has, from time to time,, called upon the advice of experts in this field. Following this policy and in the light of recent developments in this field, the Director-General of FAO called upon the advice of a g roup of experts at a Consultation held in Rome from 23 to 27 February 1981. This report contains the recommendations agreed to by the Experts. 
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    First Report of Lumpy Skin Disease in Myanmar and Molecular Analysis of the Field Virus Isolates 2022
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    Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) causes lumpy skin disease in cattle and buffaloes, which is associated with significant animal production and economic losses. Since the 2000s, LSDV has spread from Africa to several countries in the Middle East; Europe; and Asia; including, more recently, several south-east Asian countries. In November 2020, Myanmar reported its first LSD outbreak. This study reports on the first incursion of LSD in Myanmar and the molecular analysis of the LSDV detected. Staff from the Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation collected samples from cattle with suspected LSD infection. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations’ emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) and the Joint International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)/FAO program’s Animal Health and Production laboratory provided LSDV diagnostic support to two regional veterinary diagnostic laboratories in Myanmar. Samples from 13 cattle tested positive by real-time PCR. Selected samples underwent sequence analysis in IAEA laboratories. The results show that the Myanmar LSDV sequences clustered with LSDV isolates from Bangladesh and India, LSDV Kenya, and LSDV NI-2490. Further characterization showed that the Myanmar LSDV is 100% identical to isolates from Bangladesh and India, implying a common source of introduction. These findings inform diagnosis and development of control strategies.

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