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Perspectives on Rural Development - An FAO Contribution

ECOSOC Panel on Follow-up to the 2003 Ministerial Declaration on Rural Development - New York, 30 June 2005





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    Book (stand-alone)
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    Report of the national rural youth workshop on rural youth, food security and sustainable rural development in the Lao People's Democratic Republic 2005
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    An account of the workshop which convened from 26 to 27 January 2005 in Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic and brought together 61 rural youth from 18 provinces in the country to discuss the needs, constraints and challenges confronting young people. Youth make up a large proportion of populations in Asia and the Pacific region, many of whom live in poor, rural areas and lack adequate education and training and/or or are unemployed – conditions that make them vulnerable to exploitation in unsafe and unfair occupations with negative consequences (such as prostitution, HIV/AIDS and drug abuse). In the Lao People's Democratic Republic, 36 percent of the youth aged 10 to 25 have never attended school. Only 17 percent complete upper secondary school. Although working in agricultural fields is a daily duty for most rural youth, many consider themselves unemployed owing to the irregular and seasonal income from their endeavours. A large number move to urban areas where boys usually find employment in the construction industry while girls work in the garment industry, restaurants and entertainment localities where they may become involved in the sex industry. The report includes summaries of the group discussions and presentations as well as recommendations for improving the prospects of rural youth in the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
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    The MDGs and Sustainable Rural Development in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Implications for Education for Rural People (ERP)
    Ministerial Seminar on Education for Rural People in Africa: Policy Lessons, Options and Priorities - hosted by the Government of Ethiopia - 7–9 September 2005, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    2005
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    The vast majority of the human population in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is rural. In order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) a special effort must be devoted to promoting rural development and fostering better living conditions of the rural poor. In this respect, this paper justifies the need for a strong specific focus on rural people and argues that education is the most effective way to empower the rural poor to get out of poverty and to ensure that the MDG targets are met in S SA. The paper provides empirical data on the human development situation and trends for rural peoples of the region, explains the critical roles agriculture, food security and nutrition for the achievement of the MDGs, identifies key potentials and strategic challenges of sustainable agriculture and rural development, and highlights the important contribution of ERP for sustainable rural development and for achieving the MDGs. The ERP key contribution to poverty alleviation was also acknowledged by the African Union Extra-ordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government on Employment and Poverty Alleviation in Africa (2004).

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