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Evaluation of FAO’s work in Genetic Resources










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    Evaluation of FAO’s work in Genetic Resources 2016
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    Genetic resources for food and agriculture (GRFA) include the plant, animal, aquatic, microbial, forest and other genetic resources of relevance to agriculture, farming and food systems. GRFA are essential to global food production, especially considering the growth in population and consumption expected through 2050. They are the raw materials that farmers, herders, fishers, foresters, breeders (conventional as well as through biotechnology) and researchers rely upon to improve the quality and the amount of food produced. In addition, GRFA provide the building blocks for developing new materials that are adapted to changing climates or novel environments and production demands. In 2014-15, the Office of Evaluation (OED) assessed FAO’s work related to forest, plant, animal and aquatic genetic resources during the period 2007-15,8 in order to identify achievements and analyse factors that may have affected performance. The evaluation was led by an OED team including a senior consul tant, six thematic experts covering Plant, Animal, Forest and Aquatic Genetic Resources, and researchers from the Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD).
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    International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture - Second edition 2017
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    The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is an FAO international instrument that promotes the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity. Through this legally binding treaty, Member Countries can easily exchange genetic material through facilitated access to the largest global pool of genetic diversity for food security, sustainable agriculture and climate change adaptation. The Treaty ensures that farmers, plant breeders and scienti sts have access to plant genetic resources and share the benefits, including financial resources, derived from conservation, research and breeding of those materials.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Sharing the benefits of plant genetic diversity: the Benefit-sharing Fund 2020
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    In the last century, parts of the world’s food crop diversity disappeared forever reducing coping strategies and resources needed to grow crops that are more resilient, more productive, and nutritious. Small-scale farmers, especially those most vulnerable to climate change and food insecurity, greatly depend on diverse seeds to ensure their livelihoods. The Benefit-sharing Fund is a multilateral Fund established under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture to support projects in developing countries, addressing food security, adaptation to climate change, and agricultural biodiversity. Since its establishment in 2009, the Fund has worked in 67 developing countries to enable small-scale farmers, scientists and breeders to use and conserve genetic diversity and tap into the Treaty’s global genepool of millions of different genetic material to undertake research and develop varieties particularly adapted to socio-environmental conditions.

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