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Case study: Analysis of the Adoption of CSA Practices for Cocoa Farmers in Lampung Province, Sumatra









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    Book (stand-alone)
    The impact of HIV/AIDS on farmers knowledge of seed Case study of Chokwa District, Gaza Province, Mozambique
    Case study of Chokwa District, Gaza Province, Mozambique
    2004
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    HIV/AIDS has a negative impact on all the key factors that facilitate access to local and new knowledge around seed and seed management, including local capacity for seed conservation, access to labor and land. Women, the principal keepers of this knowledge are particularly vulnerable to these impacts. Based on fieldwork carried out in Chókwè District of Gaza Province, southern Mozambique, this study reveals that female-headed households have a significantly smaller area of cultivated land, plant fewer crops and have access to less family labor. These factors all relate to seed security, suggesting that female-headed households are less seed secure than maleheaded households. However, it is difficult to determine whether this is caused by poverty (femaleheaded households are likely to be poorer than male-headed households) or the impact of HIV/AIDS. Statistical analysis of the data collected suggests that HIV/AIDS affected households, especially those households car ing for orphans, experienced constraints in access to seed and seed information. These issues should be addressed urgently before the erosion of local knowledge undermines seed security and thereby food security. New agricultural projects, especially those relating to seed, should be formulated to target and relieve some of the farm level constraints faced by HIV/AIDS affected households, especially those households caring for orphans and femaleheaded households.
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    Human-Wildlife Conflict Worldwide: Collection of Case studies, Analysis of Management Strategies and Good Practices 2005
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    Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) is fast becoming a serious threat to the survival of many endangered species in the world. The case studies from countries all over the world demonstrate the severity of the conflict and suggest that greater in depth analysis of the conflict is needed in order to avoid overlooking the problem and undermining the conservation of threatened and potentially endangered species. This report provides an insight into the HWC issue, based on a selection of relevant case stu dies and gathers together the key lessons learned. This is a comprehensive review covering a wide array of the available literature on wild mammal-human conflict, with the exception of human-elephant, written over the last ten years. It highlights common problems and solutions across bio-geographical regions in order to provide a better understanding of the HWC issue worldwide. It also shows that these conflicts have similar causes and impacts, and that accurate and detailed information, scienti fic research and stakeholder commitment are key to the development of appropriate and sustainable strategies for both resolving the problem and conserving different ecosystems and their wildlife inhabitants.

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