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Export restrictions in agriculture trade












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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Why export restrictions should not be a response to COVID-19: Learning lessons from experience with rice in Asia and the Pacific 2020
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    The spread of COVID-19 has created tremendous uncertainty on a number of fronts, including the availability of food supplies. In such a situation, countries might be prompted to restrict their food exports to ensure greater domestic availability in the short term. However, such restrictions can cause panic, leading to price surges on international markets, and a breakdown of food supply chains. During the food price crisis in 2007–2008, trade restrictions contributed significantly to price spikes for various commodities (45 percent for rice and 30 percent for wheat (Martin & Anderson, 2020). Price volatility led to social unrest in many countries and made it more difficult for the poor to afford food, especially nutritious food. This brief will discuss recent food export restrictions employed in the region, analyze their impacts, explain how export restrictions can hurt importers and exporters alike, and give examples of good policies.
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    Book (series)
    Achieving food security and industrial development in Malawi: Are export restrictions the solution? 2016
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    This document evaluates whether export restrictions support food security and industrial development in Malawi, by examining the pertinent issue of export bans on maize, an existing and longstanding policy in Malawi, and oilseed export levies, a policy under consideration. We use a general equilibrium model calibrated to recent Malawi data to show that while these policies may under certain conditions achieve their respective objectives of increased domestic maize availability (‘food security’) and value-addition in the food processing sector in the short run, they are ineffective and self-defeating in the long run. This buttresses arguments for a more liberal stance towards trade policy in Malawi, which for years has been a leading cause of market uncertainty and consequently agricultural stagnation and the persistence of a subsistence-oriented approach to farming, despite significant government support to the agricultural sector in the form of input subsidies and agro-processing supp ort.
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    Policy brief
    Non-tariff measures in agriculture trade 2017
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    Non-tariff measures in agriculture trade This brief analyses the impact that non-tariff measures (NTMs) have on agri-food products and the disciplines on NTMs in the multilateral trading system.

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