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SAFEGUARDING AND ENHANCING LAND-BASED LIVELIHOODS











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    Document
    Resilient Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security in Areas Affected by the Syria Crisis 2014
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is closely monitoring the impact of the Syria crisis on food security, nutrition, agriculture and livelihoods in Syria and neighbouring Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Assessments carried out across the affected subregion indicate that threats to food security and livelihoods are severe and growing steadily. In addition to rendering over half of Syrians poor and nearly a third food insecure, the crisis is eroding the ver y foundations of food and livelihood security in what was once a middle-income country, with a relatively high employment rate (92 percent) and growing agriculture sector. Syria’s food chain is disintegrating – from production to markets – and entire livelihood systems are collapsing. The conflict also is severely affecting economic, social and human development in neighbouring countries. With most of Syria’s 2.6 million refugees living outside of camps, host communities face intense competition for resources such as land, water and income opportunities, while costs for housing, food and other commodities soar. The humanitarian appeals for Syria and neighbouring countries are the largest in history: USD 4.4 billion in 2013 and USD 6.5 billion in 2014. As the crisis shows no sign of abating, a resilience-based approach is proving ever more crucial to meet immediate needs while helping affected populations – and the systems which support them – better absorb, adapt and recover from curr ent and future shocks emanating from the crisis. Such an approach, combining emergency and development efforts, is indispensable in the context of food and livelihood security. Behind each family pushed into poverty and hunger, systems are collapsing which need to be protected, restored and strengthened. A holistic approach is needed not only to deliver crisisaffected populations from aid dependency, but also to prevent hunger and poverty from increasing and becoming endemic. FAO’s “Resilient Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security in Areas Affected by the Syria Crisis” is a five-year Subregional Strategy and Action Plan, budgeted at USD 280 million – just over a tenth of the value of agricultural losses suffered in Syria by 2012. The Strategy is a dynamic document developed over the course of agricultural programming missions to the subregion in late 2013 and early 2014, which build on rapid agricultural livelihood and food security impact assessments and initia l response plans prepared during the first quarter of 2013. With the aim to protect, restore and strengthen livelihoods and the agro-ecosystems on which livelihoods depend, the Strategy tailors short-, medium- and longer-term actions to address specific needs of the main groups affected by the crisis, including Syrian internally displaced persons (IDPs) and affected populations, refugees, returnees, host communities and national and local authorities. Activities focus on seven priority areas, which can be broadly categorized as: (i) control of transboundary animal diseases (TADs); (ii) control of plant pests and diseases; (iii) food security and natural resource information systems, disaster risk management and policy development; (iv) rural and peri-urban income generation and employment; (v) agricultural production; (vi) natural resource management; and (vii) food safety and nutrition. The Strategy aligns with national government priorities and existing regional frameworks for add ressing the Syria crisis and calls for close partnership with affected communities, national institutions, United Nations (UN) agencies, non-state actors and private-sector organizations. Agriculture cannot be an afterthought. Affected populations in the subregion need effective responses to the challenges threatening their food security and livelihoods. A resilience-based approach delivers this, while better preserving the integrity of lives, livelihoods, natural resources and critical develop ment gains achieved over the past decades.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Applying responsible land-based investment models in forestry 2023
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    Global instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) and the Principles on Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (CFS-RAI) endorsed by the Committee for World Food Security (CFS) provide critical guidance on responsible investments in land and forests to address global challenges of food insecurity, poverty, and inequality while supporting sustainable management of natural resources. Applying these global instruments to the assessment of concrete cases can help to identify better practice models for implementation. This document presents a review of selected better practice land-based investment models and cases in forestry assessing them against the VGGT and the CFS-RAI principles. The brief was developed as a follow on to national dialogues held in Sierra Leone and Lao PDR but may be used in other country contexts.
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    Project
    Enhancing Regional Capacities to Design and Implement Nutrition-Sensitive Social Protection Programme to Reduce Food Insecurity and Malnutrition - TCP/INT/3701 2021
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    Despite important progress made in the fight against poverty and hunger, significant challenges remain Progress on reducing the incidence of hunger differs from region to region and country to country The four target countries of this project, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Senegal and Zambia, are among those that continue to face persistent poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition In response, they have been experimenting with approaches that seek to link social protection to a variety of sectors, such as agriculture, health and sanitation, with the aim to improve the livelihoods of the poorest and reduce hunger Social protection programmes have proved to be a critical factor in tackling hunger, however, there are important knowledge gaps regarding the operational options of linking them with broader agriculture and Food Security and Nutrition ( interventions, and the results these linkages can achieve As social protection has rapidly expanded in the past two decades, these linkages are yet to be further understood and debated Generating, systematizing and disseminating concrete country knowledge on this approach to nutrition sensitive social protection is therefore an important contribution to national governments and other stakeholders across regions Against this background, the governments of the above mentioned four target countries requested that FAO support them to design and implement improved nutrition sensitive social protection interventions, and to assist them in moving towards more integrated approaches to tackle FSN and reduce poverty.

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