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Water auditing/water governance analysis

Governance and policy support: Methodological framework









FAO. 2024. Water auditing/water governance analysis – Governance and policy support: Methodological framework. Rome.



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    Book (series)
    Water accounting & auditing guidelines
    A sourcebook
    2017
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    In many regions of the world, sustainable and reliable delivery of water services has become increasingly complex and problematic. Complexities that are very likely to increase, considering the unprecedented confluence of pressures linked to demographic, economic, dietary trends, and climate change. Particularly if overall demand for freshwater exceeds supply, the delivery of water services is often less about engineering, although engineering is still required, and more about politics, governa nce, managing and protecting sources, resolving conflicts about water, ensuring rights to water are respected, and so on. It is also about understanding and monitoring the hydrological cycle at the appropriate scale of analysis. This is where water accounting and auditing can play a crucial role. The rationale behind this water accounting and auditing sourcebook is that scope exists worldwide to improve water-related sectoral and inter-sectoral decision-making at local, regional and national le vels. Water accounting and auditing are recommended by FAO and others as being fundamental to initiatives that aim to cope with water scarcity. This sourcebook aims to provide practical advice on the application and use of water accounting and auditing, helping users planning and implementing processes that best fit their needs.
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    Book (series)
    Water accounting and auditing for better water governance
    FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief 31
    2020
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    In the face of intensifying water constraints, growing demand for water and worsening inequalities in access to it, water accounting and auditing are crucial enabling factors for improved water governance. Water underpins many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), not least those relating to Zero Hunger and Clean Water and Sanitation. Urgent action is needed to change how water is used by sectors and individuals and so that it is managed sustainably, efficiently and equitably. Water accounting and auditing should precede any water management and governance strategy. A cornerstone of achieving actors’ consensus on essential information on water resources, water accounting is the systematic study of the hydrological cycle and the status and trends in water supply, demand, accessibility and use. Water auditing places this information within the broader context of governance, institutions, public and private expenditure, legislation and the wider political economy. Together, water accounting and water auditing support better governance and can be carried out with active stakeholder engagement at a reasonable cost.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    The status of water use efficiency and productivity with a focus on paddy rice in Zambia 2022
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    In view of the projected world water demand, increased water use efficiency in irrigation is crucial to sustainably increase agricultural productivity. Paddy field systems are especially water demanding, though products such as rice is not only a staple food, but also constitutes a major social and economic activity providing public goods and is a key source of employment and income for the rural population in Zambia. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been active to increase the understanding of the status of water use efficiency and water productivity in Zambia through implementing the project “Efficient Agricultural Water Use and Management Enhancement in Paddy Fields”, funded by the Japan Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). The project objective is to identify limits and potentials of paddy rice production at national level. The project findings presented in this report is a basis for assisting the country with the evaluation of the status of water use efficiency and water productivity of paddy fields, providing technical and policy support to enhance water resources management in Zambia. This report will help increasing the knowledge and building capacities of technical experts in relevant institutions, ministries and universities in Zambia. Its analysis of best practices will assist in determining the needs and existing gaps and what options are available to fill these gaps. Furthermore, the policy action matrix developed and the investment portfolio compiled will support the development of future financial plans in the country.

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