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Appropriate wood harvesting in plantation forests








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    The preservation of natural forests through the establishment of industrial wood production plantations via the new, fast growing Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Turbo Obelisk’ varieties and new cultivation technologies
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    After decades of research and development, Silvanus Forestry Ltd. and HungaroPlant Ltd. have successfully propagated the Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Turbo Obelisk’ variety group and developed the necessary cultivation technologies, specifically for intensive industrial wood production plantations. In comparison to the Hungarian and traditional black locust varieties and cultivation technology, industrial wood production plantations established with our variety group and using our cultivation technologies can produce twice as much timber yield and industrial timber yield, considering 15-year rotation periods. These parameters are comparable with the performance of the widespread Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations in the subtropics. Our varieties and cultivation technologies, however, are also usable in subtropical, temperate, as well as tropical climates. The outstanding yields achieved by the ‘Turbo Obelisk’ varieties and the extremely high industrial wood output can provide a significant contribution to the conservation and maintenance of natural ecosystems, whilst the CO2 sequestration per unit area per time is also several times that of natural forests. A particular advantage to emphasize is long term carbon sequestration due to the high percentage of industrial wood yield. Increasing the exceptional tolerance of black locust against drought, pollution and low-quality soils, our varieties are exceptionally suitable for the utilization of marginal agricultural areas, the agricultural utilization of which would otherwise create an economical loss. This can also significantly increase the advancement of less developed regions. In addition to plantation cultivation, it also provides a cost-effective solution for the establishment of protective forest belts, road-side plantings, quicksand fixation and soil renovation. Delicious honey production is also a possible revenue stream. The global exploitation of the research findings has begun, having already successfully established test plantations in China, India, and Pakistan, as well as in several European countries. Keywords: dry agricultural areas, micro-propagated black locust varieties, ‘Turbo Obelisk’, carbon sequestration ID: 3484660
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    Outlook studies - The global outlook for future wood supply from forest plantations
    Global Forest Product Outlook Study Working Paper No.: GFPOS/WP/03
    2000
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    An analysis of the present state of forest plantations and of current trends in plantation forestry both on a global basis and region-by-region. Economic and policy considerations in the development of plantation forestry are discussed. The outlook for plantation forestry is then presented in the form of alternative scenarios according to future growth in plantation area.
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    Forest plantations for wood growing in the European north of Russia
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The Russian Federation has accumulated quite a lot of experience in plantation forestry. An urgent issue of returning unused agricultural land to economic circulation can be solved by creating plantation crops on these lands, which contributes to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals on rational forest management, restoration, afforestation and reforestation (SDGs 2, 12, 15 and GFGs 1 and 2). Research on the creation of targeted forest plantations in the European North of Russia was carried out within the framework of a state assignment. Well-grounded conclusions on the choice of species for targeted plantation cultivation were made. Preference should be given to aboriginal species (Scots pine, European spruce). However, one of the promising fast-growing species suitable for the pulp and paper industry in temperate countries is Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Loud. var. latifolia S. Wats.), naturally growing in North America. Based on long-term research, the most suitable origins of Lodgepole pine were selected – located in regions of the most northern Canadian origin (Yukon), where it grows at the northern limit of the distribution of forest species. The advantage of Lodgepole pine over local coniferous species was revealed while growing on industrial forest plantations, where, by the age of 40-50 years, it forms 250-300 m3/ha of low-resinous wood, suitable for both sulfate and sulfite pulping and is 70% more productive than local spruce and pine. In the research process, the basic requirements for plantation crops in the European North of Russia were developed, under which plantations justify their purpose. One of the main innovative areas of research is the development of technology for creating forest plantations on lands that have come out of agricultural use. Keywords: Lodgepole pine, boreal forests, plantation ID: 3479164

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