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Integrated Policy Support

Assisting countries to transform food and agriculture to achieve the SDGs










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    Booklet
    Policies and interventions to promote SDG-aligned investments in dairy in Ethiopia
    AgrInvest-Food Systems Project
    2022
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    This publication was written by the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) as part of the project “AgrInvest-Food Systems: Enabling inclusive and efficient private sector investment in agrifood systems” (AgrInvest-FS), implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in partnership with the ECDPM. The AgrInvest-FS project aims at attracting private investment into agrifood systems aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by leveraging public funds. This paper recommends a package of policy improvements and interventions aiming to support SDG-oriented investments in the dairy sector in Oromia in Ethiopia by addressing bottlenecks in the sector and enabling a conducive environment. The paper highlights key challenges and proposes packages of policy interventions that aim to address these key challenges in a coherent and interrelated manner. Building on existing partnerships and processes will increase the feasibility of these recommendations being implemented. Concretely, the recommendations propose i) a gradual and integrated approach to developing, adopting and enforcing milk quality standards for human health; ii) effective ways to improve the access to affordable feed and forage through profitability studies, policy reforms and applied research and innovation and iii) adopting a context-specific approach in addressing finance and credit bottlenecks in the dairy value chain. In the case of Ethiopia, this means acknowledging how the persistent foreign exchange shortage is a major factor, as well as unequal power and gender dynamics. Lessons from past experiences illustrate the potential of multi-stakeholder dialogues to commit to a shared vision, coordinate interventions and improve joint learning and innovation. Spaces for multi-stakeholder dialogue should maximize local embeddedness and have clear benefits for the private sector actors to engage in. Transparent government-owned information management systems, especially at the local level, enable government and development partners, banks and investors to project and track the impact of their investments.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Towards a new generation of policies and investments in agricultural water in the Arab region
    Fertile ground for innovation
    2019
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    The Arab region needs a new generation of policies and investments in agricultural water. Agricultural water management has always posed challenges and opportunities in the Arab world. However, unprecedented and accelerating drivers such as climate change, population growth, and land degradation make agricultural water management a more urgent priority than ever before. In addition, as part of the 2030 UN Agenda for Sustainable Development, Arab countries have committed to work towards an ambitious set of development targets, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Unless the right policies and investments are put in place, it will be difficult to achieve the SDGs, including ending hunger and providing clean water and sanitation for all. This paper is part of an ongoing collaboration between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Water Management Institute to foster dialogue on agricultural water policies and investments in the context of the FAO led Regional Water Scarcity initiative. The purpose of the paper is to frame the key challenges and opportunities in the sector – including emerging innovations in digital agriculture, water accounting, water supply and wastewater reuse – and to lay out broad strategic directions for action.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A multi-billion-dollar opportunity – Repurposing agricultural support to transform food systems 2021
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    Public support mechanisms for agriculture in many cases hinder the transformation towards healthier, more sustainable, equitable, and efficient food systems, thus actively steering us away from meeting the Sustainable Development Goals and targets of the Paris Agreement. This report sets out the compelling case for repurposing harmful agricultural producer support to reverse this situation, by optimizing the use of scarce public resources, strengthening economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, and ultimately driving a food systems transformation that can support global sustainable development commitments. The report provides policymakers with an updated estimate of past and current agricultural producer support for 88 countries, projected up until 2030. The trends emerging from the analysis are a clear call for action at country, regional and global levels to phase out the most distortive, environmentally and socially harmful support, such as price incentives and coupled subsidies, and redirecting it towards investments in public goods and services for agriculture, such as research and development and infrastructure, as well as decoupled fiscal subsidies. Overall, the analysis highlights that, while removing and/or reducing harmful agricultural support is necessary, repurposing initiatives that include measures to minimize policy trade-offs will be needed to ensure a beneficial outcome overall. The report confirms that, while a few countries have started repurposing and reforming agricultural support, broader, deeper, and faster reforms are needed for food systems transformation. Thus, it provides guidance (in six steps) on how governments can repurpose agricultural producer support – and the reforms this will take.

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