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Working Paper 2: Livestock Production, Extension and Applied Research

Formulation and Operationalization of National Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development through Agriculture (NAPA)








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    Mongolia: Review of the Agricultural Research and Externsion Systems 2016
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    The importance of agriculture to Mongolia’s economy, and to its rural economy in particular, makes sustainable agricultural development a national priority. The transition from collective socialism to a market economy in the 1990s nearly caused the collapse of the entire agriculture sector. Since privatization, the number of livestock animals, mainly sheep and goats, has increased dramatically, reaching 45.1 million in 2012. This growth in both livestock and crop production was enabled by severa l factors. Yet investment in research and extension remains very low. Without sufficient government backing for research and development, extension services and veterinarians, information about weather and prices or access to market and credit, agricultural producers found themselves in an increasingly precarious position.
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    Working Paper 1: Crop Production, Extension and Research
    Formulation and Operationalization of National Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development through Agriculture (NAPA)
    2016
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    This review is contains seven topic areas: (i) sector background, (ii) specific aspects of the crop sector, (iii) institutional environment, (iv) key opportunities and constraints to sector development, (v) poverty and social inclusiveness, (vi) recommended areas of intervention and investment and (iv) relation of crop sector to other rural areas.
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    Livestock breeds of China 1984
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    This book gives a brief account of the distribution of livestock in various regions of China, as well as the breed characteristics developed under different ecological conditions. An attempt is made to illustrate the influence on breed formation of environmental factors, in addition to those of genetics and selection. The livestock breeds enumerated Include 14 horse, 2 camel, 14 yellow cattle, 4 dairy and milk/meat dual-purpose cattle, 8 water buffalo (types), 6 yak (types), 13 sheep, 18 goat an d 15 swine. An understanding of animal ecology will undoubtedly guide plans for regionalitzation of livestock In our country. It is also pointed out that our rich breed resources provide us with genetic material of great value in animal breeding. our swine breeds Influenced the improvement or formation of some foreign breeds In the past, and may have even more influence In the future, though this may not be foreseen at present. We should, therefore, promptly study breed characteristics, and wo rk on the Investigation, protection, selection, development and utilization of these valuable resources. The present work is not merely an English translation of the author's recent book, published in Chinese In 1980. It is greatly expanded, and a new chapter on Goat Breeds has been added. Some revisions and necessary corrections have been wde and more illustrations added to ensure that readers will more easily obtain a general idea of the ecological characteristics of livestock breeds in Chin a. Attempts made here to Illustrate the relationship between our livestock breeds and their environments are restricted by the knowledge of the author and the reference data available. This book is just a beginning, and it is earnestly hoped that further systematic and Intensive studies in the field of animal ecology will be made by others.

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