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Emergence of lumpy skin disease in the Eastern Mediterranean Basin countries









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    Book (series)
    Emergence of lumpy skin disease (LSD) in Europe. EMPRES Watch, vol. 33. September 2015 2015
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    Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is caused by the lumpy skin disease virus (i.e. capripoxvirus, poxviridae). The disease affects mainly cattle and Asian water buffaloes. LSD is transmitted by mechanical vectors (i.e. Stomoxys sp. Flies) and, though rare, direct transmission can occur between infected animals. The disease is usually transferred to infection-free areas by transport of animals infested with vectors. LSD is a disease that results in substantial economic losses in terms of dairy and meat pro duction, and it also causes damage to hides...
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    First Report of Lumpy Skin Disease in Myanmar and Molecular Analysis of the Field Virus Isolates 2022
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    Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) causes lumpy skin disease in cattle and buffaloes, which is associated with significant animal production and economic losses. Since the 2000s, LSDV has spread from Africa to several countries in the Middle East; Europe; and Asia; including, more recently, several south-east Asian countries. In November 2020, Myanmar reported its first LSD outbreak. This study reports on the first incursion of LSD in Myanmar and the molecular analysis of the LSDV detected. Staff from the Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation collected samples from cattle with suspected LSD infection. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations’ emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) and the Joint International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)/FAO program’s Animal Health and Production laboratory provided LSDV diagnostic support to two regional veterinary diagnostic laboratories in Myanmar. Samples from 13 cattle tested positive by real-time PCR. Selected samples underwent sequence analysis in IAEA laboratories. The results show that the Myanmar LSDV sequences clustered with LSDV isolates from Bangladesh and India, LSDV Kenya, and LSDV NI-2490. Further characterization showed that the Myanmar LSDV is 100% identical to isolates from Bangladesh and India, implying a common source of introduction. These findings inform diagnosis and development of control strategies.
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    Project
    Strengthening the Regional Preparedness, Prevention and Response Against Lumpy Skin Disease in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine - TCP/RER/3605 2020
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    Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a newly emergedtransboundary animal disease (TAD) that is spreadingthrough the Middle East, Turkey, the Balkans, theCaucasus and Eastern Europe. The introduction of theLSD virus into naïve populations causes considerableeconomic losses due to the death of cattle, the decreasein their productivity, the cost of vaccination campaignsand, most importantly, its impact upon trade. The risk ofan imminent incursion into neighbouring and, until now,unaffected countries is very high, in particular forcountries sharing borders and (formal and informal) traderoutes. This is the case for Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. The spread of LSD has had a dramatic impact upon rurallivelihoods, which are strongly dependent upon cattle, andcan lead to significant loss of income for affected farmers.The effect at national level is also devastating, as thepresence of the disease comes with strict traderestrictions. These negative effects will increase as thedisease continues to spread, not only within affectedcountries, but also to neighbouring states. There is also ahigh potential for LSD to re-emerge in countries that haveconducted national vaccination campaigns.It was crucial to limit further incursions of the LSD virus,particularly to countries currently free from this disease,and therefore unfamiliar with it. The project’s objectivewas to reduce these risks in the following ways:(i) enhancing legal, regulatory preparedness andcoordination for LSD at national level, (ii) enhancingthe capacities of national veterinary services for LSDdetection, prevention and control, (iii) strengthening riskanalysis capacities for LSD, (iv) conducting awarenesscampaigns for veterinary services, field veterinarians,farmers and farmers’ associations and academia and(v) strengthening regional coordination.The project was ultimately effective in preventing

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