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Zimbabwe | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











FAO. 2020. Zimbabwe | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome. 



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    Chad | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    In Chad, recurrent climatic shocks and conflict are exacerbating people’s food insecurity, particularly in the Lake Chad Basin, where there are nearly 300 000 displaced people. In addition, the country hosts a large number of refugees from the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Despite good cereal production from the 2019/20 agricultural season, a 42-percent fodder deficit was registered in the Sahel region, significantly affecting feed availability for pastoralists’ during the dry season. Furthermore, drought, irregular rainfall and increased insecurity are preventing herders from access grazing land. Livestock mortality rates have al o been increasing during this year’s pastoral lean season. Following confirmed COVID-19 cases, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related mitigation measures, including the lockdown of all the main cities, movement restrictions and border closures. These are indirectly affecting the supply chain, limiting imports and disrupting markets, which is adding pressure on conflict-affected areas – Lake Chad Basin and Tibesti – where 40 percent of the population is experiencing difficulties in accessing markets. In addition, the prices of millet – one of Chad’s most important subsistence crops – has sharply increased, by 37 percent between April 2019 and April 2020. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been facing chronic challenges linked to poverty, food insecurity, lack of access to basic services, armed conflict and insecurity, epidemics (cholera, Ebola virus disease [EVD], measles and malaria) and population displacement. Following the first reported case of COVID-19 in the country (March 2020), the Government declared a state of emergency and several urgent and essential measures were put in place, such as the closure of borders, the partial lockdown of Kinshasa with movement restrictions, and the closure of all schools. These restrictive measures were necessary but have affected a country that was already fragile, further exacerbating peoples’ vulnerabilities. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Pakistan | Humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Pakistan is highly exposed to natural hazards and shocks, including drought. In 2018-2019, severe drought conditions prevailed in 18 districts of Balochistan and eight districts of Sindh, rendering around 5 million people in need of immediate food security and livelihood assistance. Since March 2019, a desert locust outbreak has also affected around 46 districts across four provinces of Pakistan. These issues make a large proportion of the population vulnerable to persistent and chronic food insecurity. The COVID-19 pandemic is further exacerbating poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition, increasing humanitarian needs in disaster prone areas of Pakistan. The average number of daily new cases has been rising sharply since the beginning of June. On 18 June 2020, the Government imposed a “smart lockdown” in several cities to curb the spike in cases. The effects of urgent and essential COVID-19 containment measures are having repercussions on the country’s already fragile employment situation and on livelihoods. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO will implement humanitarian response activities in 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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