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Nutrition country profile: Kingdom of Bahrain 2007








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    Nutrition country profile: Kingdom of Lesotho 2010 2010
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    The Kingdom of Lesotho is a small, landlocked and mountainous country, entirely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The population is young and predominantly rural. Despite a low contribution to GDP, agriculture remains an important source of livelihood for a significant part of the population. The agricultural population is engaged in rain-fed subsistence farming, largely based on a single crop, maize. The agricultural sector suffers major constraints which have entailed a preoccupying decline in cereal production. Lesotho’s economy has registered mixed growth over the last decade but recent economic performance is promising. Although declining, the incidence of poverty is still very high.
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    Nutrition country profile: Republic of Malawi 2008 2008
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    The Republic of Malawi is a landlocked country situated in South-eastern Africa. The country has very large fresh-water resources and a high agricultural potential. The population, very young and predominantly rural, is growing rapidly. The Malawian economy is largely based on agriculture. Most of the population is engaged in the agricultural sector, which accounts for more than one third of GDP. Smallholder rain-fed maize production is largely predominant and the livestock sub-sector remains un derdeveloped. Economic growth, highly dependent on the agricultural sector, is constrained by a high vulnerability to climatic shocks which affect the country frequently. Poverty is widespread in the rural population. Moreover, the incidence of poverty is not declining. Nevertheless, during the last two years the country has experienced bumper crops for maize due to favourable climatic conditions and an input subsidy scheme that has reached a very large number of small farmers.
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    Nutrition country profile: Syrian Arab Republic 2005 2005
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    The Syrian Arab Republic suffers from limited rainfall and scarcity of water resources, but despite these difficult conditions, agricultural production has increased notably during the last decades. Syria is a middle-income country. The Human Development Index increased considerably during the last 25-year period, but about one fifth of Syrian people still live below the national poverty line. Constant progress has been made in maternal and child health services leading to a significant reductio n in infant and maternal mortality, and to a very good level of immunization. Nevertheless, diarrheal diseases are still among the main causes of death of children, particularly in rural areas where access to health services but also to clean water and adequate sanitation are more limited.

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