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Initiative on Soaring Food Prices. Country Responses to the Food Security Crisis: Nature and Preliminary Implications of the Policies Pursued







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    Country Response to the Food Security Crisis: Nature and Preliminary Implications of the Policies Pursued
    Initiative on Soaring Food Prices
    2009
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    The objective of this paper is to examine the short-term measures adopted by some 81 countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean and assess their implications for food security and poverty alleviation. Section 2 reviews market and trade measures aimed at reducing food prices for consumers. Safety net and production support measures are discussed in sections 3 and 4, while section 5 discusses the impact of the different measures. Finally, concluding remarks are given in sectio n 6.
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    Country responses to the food security crisis:Nature and preliminary implications of the policies pursued
    FAO Initiative on Soaring Food Prices
    2009
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    The downward trend of real food prices for the past 25 years came to an end when world prices started to rise in 2006 and escalated into a surge of price inflation in 2007 and 2008. Prices of staple foods, such as rice and vegetable oil, doubled between January and May 2008. The upturn coincided with record petroleum and fertilizer prices...
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    Food and agriculture policy decisions - Trends, emerging issues and policy alignments since the 2007/08 food security crisis 2013
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    The report reviews a broad range of food security and agricultural development policy decisions implemented over the period 2007 to 2012 in more than 70 countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Selected policy decisions were analysed following FAPDA’s classification, dividing policy decisions into three main categories: producer-oriented policies, consumer-oriented policies, as well as trade-oriented and macroeconomic policies. Policy decisions reviewed included those most deb ated and most frequently implemented since the 2007/08 food price crisis. The report finds that the initial responses to the crisis tended to address immediate food security concerns with short-term, ad-hoc measures. Over the following years however, policy decisions reflected a more long-term and institutionalized approach. Governments are gradually moving from universal subsidies for food and fuel towards more targeted interventions to reach vulnerable and food insecure households. Moreo ver, a growing number of countries have shifted from short-term, ad-hoc cash or food-based interventions towards mainstreaming and institutionalizing social safety net programmes. The initial trade response was to ban or restrict exports and increase imports in efforts to achieve domestic food availability, measures which have since relaxed in support of producers. Also, Countries are increasingly establishing public food reserves to protect domestic supply in times of crisis. We also see a high degree of policy integration at the national level. However, protective trade policies at national levels have contradicted the efforts of regional food security and policy harmonization advocated by many regional economic communities.

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