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Addressing HIV and Gender Inequities through Agriculture

Regional Response to Food Insecurity in Eastern and Central Africa








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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Social protection in humanitarian and fragile contexts 2017
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    In recent years, threats and crises - due to both natural and man-made disasters - are not only more frequent but also increasingly complex. As such the international community is progressively facing the need to respond to emergencies that combine multiple and compounding vulnerability drivers: chronic poverty, food insecurity, inequality, violence, instability, climate change, and weak governance. This is encouraging to commit to find innovative and effective ways to bridge the humanitarian- development divide and incorporate climate-smart policies. FAO recognizes that the poor and most marginalized people are disproportionately affected by hazards and crisis and the limited assets or lack of social protection coverage can lead families to resort to negative coping strategies which would trigger a negative spiral of vulnerability and poverty. Risk-informed and shock-responsive social protection systems are a strategic priority for FAO. These measures, if integrated into broader development strategies, can significantly reduce families’ vulnerability, severe food insecurity and exposure to threats and crises.
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    Document
    Plan of Action for North Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    After decades of civil conflict and associated political instability, populations throughout North Sudan have seen their livelihoods and production capacity eroded and their ability to cope with human-induced and recurrent natural disasters (floods, droughts, outbreaks of livestock diseases) worn away. There have been considerable efforts to respond to the protracted crisis, with the international humanitarian response reaching USD 1.3 billion in 2009. Despite this, millions of people continue t o face severe and chronic food insecurity. With between 60 and 80 percent of the working-age population relying on agriculture to meet their food and income needs, the sector’s importance to economic recovery and the consolidation of peace in North Sudan cannot be underestimated. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for North Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term develop ment programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in North Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on earl y efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in North Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. Thus, the overall purpose of the PoA for North Sudan is to improve preparedness and to make short-term res ponses in food and agriculture more effective. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet shortterm needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The approach is reflected in the six key areas of focus as proposed in this PoA, based on an analysis of the current situation, the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These ar e: (i) dwindling agricultural production; (ii) reduced livestock production and productivity; (iii) the adverse effect of climate change and the conflicts created over the use of scarce natural resources and longer-term issues such as land access; (iv) economic factors that affect the livelihoods of the various groups, as well as the creation of alternative livelihood resources; (v) the need for institutional strengthening; and (vi) coordination of the international community and the assistance provided. The above priorities have been expanded into twelve sectoral programmes that detail activities to be implemented by FAO in North Sudan to achieve expected outcomes and address the specific needs identified in three regions: (i) Greater Darfur (comprising North, South and West Darfur); (ii) the Transitional Areas (Abyei, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan); and (iii) Eastern Sudan (Gedaref, Kassala and Red Sea states). The total budget for the PoA 2010–2012 is USD 45 056 468. The PoA signa ls FAO’s adoption of a more programmatic approach in its emergency and rehabilitation activities in North Sudan. The document has used a programme cycle management approach to present the situation analysis, planned response and monitoring and evaluation framework. Through this PoA and other efforts, FAO is attempting to build greater programmatic coherence with internal and external partners, in line with national food security plans and related strategy and United Nations system programming fr amework. Fundamentally, this PoA is a dynamic programming tool that may need to be adjusted, according to contingency plans, when and as the food security situation evolves in North Sudan.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Guatemala | Urgent call for assistance
    Hurricanes Eta and Iota
    2020
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    Central America has been severely affected by a record-breaking hurricane season, with Category 4 Hurricane Eta raging through the region at 225 km/h from during the beginning of November, followed by Category 5 Hurricane Iota about two weeks later. The flash rains, strong winds, floods and storm surges triggered by the Hurricanes have affected a total of about 5 million people across Central America and Mexico, which are already hard hit by years of erratic weather patterns and more recently by the effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, resulting in potentially significant catastrophic impacts. So far, about 24 percent of people affected are located in Guatemala, with 1.2 million people in the North and North-East regions who are facing displacement, and loss of life, homes, assets and livelihoods, which is impacting agribusiness, forestry, livestock and crop production, and artisanal fishing. The Hurricanes have hit at the start of the new planting season and if rains continue, bean and maize crops are likely to suffer irreparable damages, especially in eastern Guatemala, causing significant harvest losses. FAO urgently requires USD 4 million to provide 110 000 people with emergency agricultural assistance to quickly restore their production activities.

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