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Nigeria | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)











​FAO. 2020. Nigeria | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020): Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Rome.



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    Mali | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    On 25 March 2020, the first cases of COVID-19 were reported in Mali, in a context already marked by a security crisis and where the Government had just declared a state of emergency due to the deteriorating food security and nutrition situation. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, agricultural production in the country was affected by increased conflict caused by armed groups and intercommunity clashes, in the northern and central regions. During the 2017/18 and 2018/19 agricultural seasons, adverse weather conditions also led to large fodder deficits in the Sahelian strip, thus increasing the pressure on fodder resources. Following the first cases of COVID-19 reported in Mali, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health‑related containment measures, including border closures, a curfew for two weeks, no gatherings of more than 50 people and closed all schools. While market activity and movement of goods have not been restricted, logistical constraints and delays have accumulated. For many rural households, the pandemic and related necessary restrictions took place during a key period (April–June) with the harvesting of irrigated rice, the preparation of fields and the return of transhumant herders In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    The Central African Republic | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Since the first COVID-19 cases were reported in the country, the Government has taken several urgent and essential health-related measures to mitigate the spread, including border closures, movement restrictions between Bangui and the largest towns in the East, the closure of the national airport and increased controls at the border with Cameroon. The effects of the essential restrictions have exacerbated the slowdown in food commodity imports and there have been major supply chain disruptions. The majority of imports are now coming from Cameroon due to the closure of borders with other countries, but a two-week delay in supply has been observed due to increased border controls, which created shortage in supply in Bangui as well as in other provinces. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Lebanon | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The onset of the economic crisis during the last quarter of 2019, exacerbated by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, has led to an economic recession, compounding existing vulnerabilities and the already challenging situation the country is facing. The combined impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and the economic freefall on people’s livelihoods is catastrophic, particularly for the most vulnerable among Lebanese, Syrians and Palestinians, such as youth, daily workers, female-headed households, the elderly and people with specific needs. Movement restrictions, loss of income and price inflation have led to declining purchasing power, increasing the food insecurity of vulnerable populations. The agriculture sector, which has already been disproportionately affected by the current economic and financial crisis, is seriously impacted by an increase in the costs of imported agricultural inputs (including seeds, fertilizers and fodder), thus putting in peril the coming cropping seasons. The COVID-19 pandemic is causing an additional burden on farmers as most organizations suspended their field interventions for almost three months during the lockdown and farmers are also not able to sell their produce due to mobility restrictions. COVID-19 is also exacerbating pre-existing structural issues in the agriculture sector. Poultry and dairy producers are facing increased input costs, thus reducing their profitability. This is also affecting consumers as the price of eggs and dairy products is increasing. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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