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21世纪的粮农组织








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    Document
    Rapport national de la Tunisie. Atelier regional forets, parcours et changement climatique dans la region du Moyen Orient
    Cairo, Egypt 20-22 septembre 2011
    2011
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    Le climat change et tend à évoluer dans la région méditerranéenne aux horizons 2030 et 2050 vers une augmentation de la température et une baisse des précipitations sur fond de variabilité déjà grande du climat régional. Dans la période climatique 2011-2070, cette variabilité augmentera en moyenne de 5 à 10 % par rapport à la situation du siècle passé. Les projections climatiques pour la Tunisie ont été construites sur la base des résultats du modèle Had CM3 aux horizons temporels 2020 et 2050. Il s’agit des premières projections disponibles pour la Tunisie.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Water for Agriculture and Energy in Africa: the Challenges of Climate Change
    Report of the ministerial conference 15-16 December 2008 Sirte, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
    2011
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    The Ministerial Conference on Water for Agriculture and Energy in Africa: the Challenges of Climate Change” was held in Sirte, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, on the 15-17 December 2008. The Conference discussed the prospect for food end energy demand by 2015 and the projections for 2030 and 2050, based on the key drives of population and income growth and under the threat of climate change, concluding that policy decisions and budget allocations should as well be made available for large-scale for ir rigated agriculture and hydropower generation. While recognizing the importance of national financing and regional cooperation for implementing strategies to address country needs and boost food production, the Conference Declaration appealed to multilateral agencies for additional funding and called upon developed and developing countries to realize their commitments in terms of budget allocation to agricultural production. The Sirte Declaration called upon the African Union Commission to d esign a road map and mechanism for monitoring and evaluating implementation, in collaboration with FAO, The African Development Bank, The Economic Commission for Africa, NEPAD, and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Climate-Smart Agriculture: A Synthesis of Empirical Evidence of Food Security and Mitigation Benefits from Improved Cropland Management 2011
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    Meeting the food demand of a global population expected to reach 9.1 billion in 2050 and over 10 billion by the end of the century will require major changes in agricultural production systems. Improving cropland management is key to increasing crop productivity without further degrading soil and water resources. At the same time, sustainable agriculture has the potential to deliver co-benefits in the form of reduced GHG emissions and increased carbon sequestration, therefore contributing to c limate change mitigation. This paper synthesizes the results of a literature review reporting the evidence base of different sustainable land management practices aimed at increasing and stabilizing crop productivity in developing countries. It is shown that soil and climate characteristics are key to interpreting the impact on crop yields and mitigation of different agricultural practices and that technology options most promising for enhancing food security at smallholder level are also ef fective for increasing system resilience in dry areas and mitigating climate change in humid areas.

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