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EU Transversal support to country implementation - Angola

Strengthened capacity for improved governance of land tenure and natural resources by local government in partnership with non state actors in the Central Highlands of Angola










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Support transversal de l'UE à la mise en œuvre dans les pays - Angola
    Renforcement des capacités pour une meilleure gouvernance des régimes fonciers foncier et des ressources naturelles par le gouvernement local en partenariat avec les acteurs non étatiques des hauts plateaux du centre de l’Angola
    2020
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    L’Angola est confronté à une situation économique délicate, en raison de la baisse des prix du pétrole brut, qui affecte négativement la balance des paiements et entraîne la fin des subventions, l’augmentation des prix locaux et la dévaluation de la monnaie nationale. La reconnaissance effective des droits fonciers coutumiers reste un défi en Angola, comme dans de nombreux autres pays africains. Bien que les droits fonciers coutumiers des communautés rurales traditionnelles soient expressément reconnus dans la loi foncière nationale de 2004, très peu de communautés en Angola ont pu enregistrer leurs terres. Les demandes de régularisation foncière des communautés rurales ont souvent été traitées avec un mélange de méfiance et de discrimination: en conséquence, moins de 0,1 pour cent du territoire est actuellement enregistré en tant que titres fonciers coutumiers.
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    Booklet
    Assessing inclusive and participatory mapping for recognizing customary tenure systems in Myanmar 2021
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    Vast amounts of land in Myanmar are not registered. All this land is, in fact, considered as being at the disposal of the Government of the Union of Myanmar, although communities claim it legitimately as customary land. In the absence of specific legal measures for the recognition and protection of community and/or village lands, these systems are under threat of alienation. The National Land Use Policy includes provisions for recognizing customary tenure, but there is currently a legal gap for customary land. Inclusive and participatory mapping could fill this gap and thereby contribute to securing legitimate tenure rights to land, fisheries and forests. Inclusive and participatory mapping of customary tenure has proven to be an effective tool in many countries across the world to empower indigenous peoples and local communities in view of claiming their tenure rights to land and other natural resources. For many it means literally "to be put on the map". Examples of participary mapping in the world and in Myanmar to strengthen customary tenure are assessed and recommendations for the future provided.
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    Book (series)
    Statutory recognition of customary land rights in Africa
    An investigation into the best practices for lawmaking and implementation
    2010
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    Given the recent trend of granting vast areas of African land to foreign investors, the urgency of placing real ownership in the hands of the people living and making their livelihood upon lands held according to custom cannot be overstated. This study provides guidance on how best to recognize and protect the land rights of the rural poor. Protecting and enforcing the land rights of rural Africans may be best done by passing laws that elevate existing customary land rights up into nations ' formal legal frameworks thereby making customary land rights equal to documented land claims. This publication investigates the various over-arching issues related to the statutory recognition of customary land rights. Three case studies of land laws in Botswana, Tanzania and Mozambique are analysed extensively in content and implementation, concluding with recommendations and practical considerations on how to write a land law that recognizes and formalizes customary land rights. It cautions lawmakers that even excellent laws may, in their implementation, fall prey to political manipulation and suggests various oversight and accountability mechanisms that may be established to ensure that the law is properly implemented, the land claims of rural communities are protected, and the legislative intent of the law is realized.

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