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Using Prosopis as an energy source for refugees and host communities in Djibouti, and controlling its rapid spread











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    Assessing woodfuel supply and demand in displacement settings 2016
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    This manual presents a methodology for assessing woodfuel supply and demand at the level of the displacement camp through the collection of primary data in the field and remote sensing analysis. The methodology uses a multi-sectoral approach to assess the energy-related needs and challenges of people in both displaced and host communities. The first part of the manual presents the methodology for assessing demand for woodfuel, which is structured around four sequential steps. Each step provides guidance and tools for collecting data and information, based on the specific targeted area and population. The second part of the manual describes the methodology for assessing the woodfuel supply of the targeted area, based on a combination of field measurements and temporal change analysis of very high resolution satellite imagery for the different land cover classes that provide woody biomass. This section is also structured around four sequential steps.
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    Assessment of Forest Resource Degradation and Intervention Options in Refugee-Hosting Areas of Western and Southwestern Uganda 2020
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    Uganda is currently hosting over 1.3 million refugees making it the largest refugee host country in Africa. The inflow of refugees is reported to have exacerbated a range of ongoing environmental impacts and associated challenges, including land degradation and woodland loss, resulting in inadequate access to energy for cooking and competition with local people for water and other natural resources. Supporting more sustainable use of those resources, especially forests and other woodlands, could help address environmental degradation and improve energy access. Building on a 2018 assessment of natural resource degradation in the refugee-hosting areas of northern Uganda, FAO, in collaboration with the World Bank and the Government of Uganda, has undertaken a follow-on assessment of forest resource degradation in the refugee hosting areas in the west and southwest of the country. The study identifies potential intervention options to mitigate pressure on forest resources, restore degraded land, enhance sustainable woodfuel supply and contribute to resilience-building of both the displaced and host communities. The findings of this study will add to the evidence base for the World Bank/Government of Uganda (GoU) investment package ‘Investing in Forests and Protected Areas for Climate-smart Development project’, to be supported under the Refugee Sub-Window of the International Development Association’s 18th and 19th funding rounds. It is envisaged that the study findings will also guide the support of different development partners for programming energy and environment interventions in the forced displacement context.
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    Wood-energy supply/demand scenarios in the context of poverty mapping
    A Wisdom case study in Southeast Asia for the years 2000 and 2015
    2007
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    Current (2000) and projected (2015) woodfuel consumption patterns and supply potentials in continental Southeast Asia are analysed and mapped applying the Woodfuel Integrated Supply/Demand Overview Mapping (WISDOM) methodology. Combined with poverty data, the study helps define areas where poor rural and suburban populations that depend primarily on woodfuels for their subsistence energy supply are likely to suffer severe shortages, adding an indicator to the mapping of extreme poverty a nd a new tool for poverty alleviation policies and forestry and energy development planning. Integrating several cartographic layers with multi-source field data provides maps of woody biomass stocking and potential sustainable productivity in 2000 and 2015 at a spatial resolution of less than 1 km. Woody biomass consumption maps matching the resolution of supply maps, coupled with likely population distribution in 2015 and model projections of woodfuel consumption, give future consump tion scenarios. Combining these yields balance maps of woodfuel deficit and surplus areas. This study is a starting point for expanding work in the agro-energy sector, which can benefit from the approach, the GIS analytical environment, the additional thematic layers and the nexus with forestry, energy and poverty alleviation issues.

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