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Innovative ways of managing Prosopis juliflora trees in Somalia

Safeguarding agricultural and pastoralist livelihoods by transforming a longstanding threat into a sustainable resource for women and youth










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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Innovative agriculture, livestock and natural resource management in Somalia
    Gender-sensitive approaches promoted by the Rome-based Agencies Resilience Initiative
    2023
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    From 2017 until 2023, the United Nations Rome-based Agencies (RBA) – the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the World Food Programme (WFP) – implemented a joint initiative funded by the Government of Canada aimed at strengthening resilience for food security and nutrition, in Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of Niger. This joint initiative aimed to bridge humanitarian and development objectives and meet immediate food needs while sustainably increasing food security in regions affected by protracted and recurrent crises, with a specific focus on vulnerable women and children. In Somalia, the joint RBA initiative targeted the same beneficiaries for the entire project’s duration with the intention of enhancing nutritious food availability and access as well as increasing income through safety nets, whilst strengthening the capacity of women, communities and local authorities in decision-making and management of natural resources. This good practice presents the RBA initiative in Somalia and its resilience-building layering and sequencing model of multisectoral interventions, built around traditional and alternative livelihood pathways, including kitchen and market gardens, beekeeping husbandry, Prosopis juliflora processing into alternative livestock feed and charcoal as well as natural resource management.
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    Using Prosopis as an energy source for refugees and host communities in Djibouti, and controlling its rapid spread 2018
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    FAO, in collaboration with Djibouti’s Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Fishery, Livestock and Marine Resources and Ministry of Housing, Urban Planning and Environment, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, conducted the study presented in this report to assess the use of Prosopis woody biomass as a source of energy and options for increasing the efficiency of woodfuel supply chains. The study used socio-economic data collected through interviews, focus-group discussions, a desk review and a field visit, and a remote sensing analysis of Prosopis distribution, combined with field data, in four areas of interest in Djibouti: Douda, As Eyla, Tadjourah, and Hanlé. The report includes: • an assessment of challenges in meeting energy demand in displacement settings in Djibouti; • data on the distribution of Prosopis in the country and the quantity of standing Prosopis biomass at selected sites (which are also the country’s main Prosopis areas); and • an analysis of the economic potential of processing Prosopis woody biomass into briquettes and charcoal.
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    Project
    Promoting alternatives to migration for rural youth in Ethiopia and Tunisia - GCP/INT/240/ITA 2019
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    Poverty, food insecurity and a lack of employment opportunities drive many young men and women around the world to search for jobs elsewhere. In Africa, where youth underemployment and unemployment rates are particularly high, many young people move away from rural areas, also because they do not perceive agriculture as an attractive and remunerative sector. The project aimed to address the adverse drivers of migration in two target countries, Tunisia and Ethiopia, which are particularly prone to rural outmigration of youth, while at the same time harnessing the development potential of migratory movements. In particular, the project focused on the promotion of innovative mechanisms to create job and entrepreneurial opportunities in rural areas. It also filled evidence gaps on the determinants and impacts of rural migration and promoted better policy integration between migration, agriculture and rural development.

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