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Improving Productivity, Quality and Competitiveness of Horticultural Production in Fayoum - GCP/EGY/027/EC









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    Project
    Implementing the Horticulture Advancement Activity in Pakistan - GCP/PAK/144/USA 2023
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    The development of the horticulture sector in the Balochistanand Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) provinces of Pakistan is hindered by a series of constraints, including a lack of access to inputs, markets and services among farmers and other value chain actors. Despite these constraints, the sector has a great deal of potential in these areas of the country, owing to their natural comparative advantage. Leveraging this potential could create jobs and increase competition in the sector, thereby lifting people out of poverty and improving their health and nutrition status. The Horticulture Advancement Activity (THAzA) was designed to enhance potentially viable horticulture value chains in the targeted areas by introducing new technologies and innovations and establishing various facilities to support sustainable agriculture. The project focused on the apple, apricot, grape, tomato and onion value chains in Balochistan, and on the same in KP, except for onion, which was replaced with potato.
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    Book (series)
    Evaluation of the project “The Horticulture Advancement Activity” in Pakistan
    Project code: GCP/PAK/144/USA
    2024
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    The Horticulture Advancement Activity (THAzA) project is a 4.5-year project in Pakistan with an overall goal of “improved and increased access to on-farm and off-farm livelihood opportunities, leading to sustainable economic growth”. THAzA focused efforts in ten districts of Balochistan and four districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to enhance competitiveness of priority horticultural value chains, creating increased jobs and income opportunities. The project implemented 1 597 grants (1 545 production level and 52 high-value grants). Through strengthening commercial horticulture value chains and creating increased jobs and income opportunities, THAzA has contributed to the overall agribusiness development of the target districts. The project design was highly ambitious given the extremely challenging operational environment and FAO Pakistan’s first attempt at implementation through matching grants. There were multiple delays through start-up challenges, complex procurement processes, and the COVID-19 pandemic. The inclusion of women grantees is noteworthy, with elevated social status at both household and community levels and increased ability to contribute to household income through small agribusiness enterprises.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Food loss prevention and reduction analysis in Indonesia
    A case study on chili, cabbage and shallot
    2024
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    Food loss and waste within Indonesia's supply chains present significant challenges to both environmental sustainability and efficient natural resource utilization. This pervasive issue spans from food production to retail, affecting the ability of supply chain stakeholders to invest in essential infrastructure improvements. Food waste, in particular, accumulates at various stages, including retail, catering services, and households, further straining natural resources and exacerbating climate change impacts.In Indonesia, the reduction and prevention of food losses assume strategic importance as it directly impacts food availability, accessibility, and the well-being of consumers. Additionally, it alleviates pressure on natural resources, supports the growth of agribusiness, and enhances the livelihoods of farmers and other actors along the supply chains. Key factors closely linked to addressing food losses in Indonesia include finance, technology, knowledge, and market dynamics. Alarmingly, horticultural commodities, especially vegetables, experience losses exceeding 60 percent. Minimizing food losses not only bolsters productivity for agripreneurs but also improves food security and nutrition for all, from vulnerable smallholder farmers to micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs).To address these challenges, Indonesia has enacted national law No. 13/2020 on horticulture, encompassing fruits and vegetables, with the aim of creating jobs, enhancing production, productivity, quality, added value, competitive advantage, and market share. In a recent study conducted between June and December 2022, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Center of System, a logistics research institution, analysed food losses in chili, cabbage and shallot supply chains. These commodities, predominantly cultivated by smallholder farmers, play a vital role in stabilizing food prices, controlling regional inflation, and ensuring food availability and accessibility. The study not only identifies the extent of quality and quantity losses but also provides practical solutions for their reduction.Crucially, enhancing the implementation of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP), good manufacturing practices (GMP), and good hygiene practices (GHP) is emphasized, particularly during harvest, transportation, handling and storage. Recommendations include establishing post-harvest technical assistance facilities, agrologistic centres, and value-added processing facilities to mitigate losses due to quality degradation. Furthermore, the abstract underscores the need for innovation in technology, private-sector investment, and raising public awareness as decisive elements in substantially reducing food loss. In conclusion, addressing food loss is paramount for enhancing food security, supporting sustainable livelihoods, and fortifying the overall food system in Indonesia.

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