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A step-by-step guide to building a traditional double-ended timber fishing craft of Khmer (Cambodian) design










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    Safety at Sea - Safety Guide for Small Fishing Boats- BOBP/REP/112 2009
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    Fishing is a very dangerous occupation with a high accident risk. Experience has shown that it is often when a fishery develops from traditional sail-powered craft and near shore fishing to motorized craft venturing further out to sea and with new fishing methods that accidents happen. In many developing countries, fibreglass reinforced plastic (FRP) boats are replacing traditional wooden boats and this new construction material requires new thinking when it comes to strength, stability and the ability to keep afloat when swamped. It is often difficult to do something about boats already in operation, but significant safety measures can be incorporated at relatively low cost in boats yet to be built. Close cooperation between the government departments responsible for safety legislation and the boatyards is required. The purpose of this safety guide is to present simple measures to ensure that new boats will satisfy internationally accepted safety standards. The target group c onsists of boat designers, boatbuilders, boat owners, skippers and government officials responsible for drafting new regulations and for safety supervision. This safety guide is not intended to be comprehensive and deal with all kinds of safety issues, but it will highlight the main problems and indicate what practical measures can be taken to avoid them. The guide mainly deals with small boats of less than 15min length, which, from experience are most prone to accidents. The Food and Agricu lture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) are working together to draft new safety recommendations for decked fishing boats of less than 12 m and undecked fishing boats of any length. This work is expected to be finalized by 2010. The present guide is a revision of BOBP/MAG/16: A safety guide for small offshore fishing vessels issued by the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) in 1993. The main chang e is that this publication not only focuses on small offshore fishing boats in the 10-13 m range, but also includes smaller coastal boats. The revision has benefited from recent work regarding the safety of small craft as given below. FAO/SIDA/IMO/BOBP-IGO
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    Fishing boat construction: 4 - Building an undecked fibreglass reinforced plastic boat 2009
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    In many areas of the world, finding the type of timber needed to build a good quality wooden boat is becoming a problem. As a result, Fibreglass Reinforced Plastics (FRP) is beginning to be used by many wooden boat builders. The information provided in this manual relates specifically to production of a 4.5 m open fishing boat called the MDV- 1. It is a simple, easilydriven, seaworthy boat intended for both rowing and power propulsion. Its general-purpose design is suitable for inshore waters around the world. A general basic knowledge in the use of FRP as a boatbuilding material is presented and step by step construction of a 4.5 m open fishing boat using FRP is set out in detail. In addition, the booklet describes how to maintain an FRP boat and how to recognize fatigue problems. Some simple guidelines on how to repair minor damage to FRP are also included. The information is intended for less experienced boatbuilders who already have a plug or mould. (Making a plug is not easy and requires experience in reading line drawings and lofting frames.) It is assumed that people planning to build a boat already have a good, general understanding of basic hand tool use. This manual will also be a useful aid for maintaining and improving quality control practiced by boatbuilders who already have some experience working with this material. This manual should give boatbuilders and fishermen a better understanding of how FRP acts, how to recognize fa tigue problems and more serious damage, and how to carry out needed maintenance and repair.
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    Second FAO/Swedish training centre on small fishing boat design and construction. Entebbe, Uganda, 11 January - 6 March 1971. 1972
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    This document is the Report of the Second FAO/Swedish Training Centre on Small Fishing Boat Design and Construction, which was held at Entebbe, Uganda, from 11 January to 6 March 1971, sponsored by the Swedish International Development Authority. The Training Centre consisted of a Boatbuilding Course and a Seminar for Fisheries Officers. In the Boatbuilding Course 20 boatbuilders from Kenya (6), Tanzania (6), Uganda (7) and Malawi (1) were trained in low-cost construction techniques in wood and ferro-cement. The emphasis was on practical boatbuilding. Two wooden boats were completed and launched: a 9.3 m boat based on the lines of the traditional canoe, adapted for outboard motor propulsion, and a 7.5 m boat with an 8 hp inboards diesel engine. The hull of a 12.6 m trawler built of ferro-cement was constructed up to the stage of engine installation and decking. The Uganda Fisheries Department was in charge of completion of this boat and covered the cost of the engine. The boat was launched at the end of January 1972 and has completed successful trials. Two similar boats will be built for an FAO/DANIDA Fishermen’s Training Centre. The Seminar for Fisheries Officers was held at the Fisheries Training Institute, Entebbe, 22-27 February 1971 with 37 participants from Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, FAO and industry. Eighteen papers on various aspects of fishing boat development in the Lake Victoria region were presented and will be published separately together with th e recorded discussions. The importance of the traditional boatbuilder was stressed in papers and during the discussion, as eas the necessity of integrating boatbuilding training in a master plan for the introduction of new boat types, provision of credit and fishermen’s training.

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