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Coastal protection in the aftermath of the Indian Ocean tsunami: What role for forests and trees?










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    The role of coastal forests in the mitigation of tsunami impacts 2007
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    Following the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, tree planting campaigns were initiated in coastal areas to rehabilitate devastation wrought by the tsunami and to afforest coastlines cleared of trees in the preceding decades. These efforts were partly justified on the basis of claims that trees and forests had provided protection against the tsunami. Such claims were later questioned, however, and the lack of clear information available to decision-makers became apparent. The role of coastal forests in the mitigation of tsunami impacts attempts to bridge the gap between science and policy by presenting and synthesising information on tsunami protection and forests drawn from empirical studies, simulations and mathematical models.
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    Proceedings of the workshop on coastal area planning and management in Asian tsunami-affected countries 2007
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    Sound coastal area planning and management are key factors influencing the success and sustainability of rehabilitation and reconstruction in areas affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. In many places, unsustainable land management practices had degraded lands and vegetation prior to the tsunami and, to “build back better”, improved land and resource management systems are required. The lessons drawn from rehabilitation efforts in countries whose coastal lands were severely affected by the tsunami may also be applied by other countries seeking to improve their coastal area planning and management interventions. FAO organized this workshop – convened in Bangkok, Thailand from 27 to 29 September 2006 – to bring together field practitioners, policy analysts, coastal planners and technical experts from relevant sectors to exchange information on issues of key importance to post-tsunami rehabilitation with an emphasis on multisectoral interventions involving agriculture, fisheries and forestry. The workshop centred on the presentation of country papers for each of the eight Asian tsunami-affected countries, and three overview papers. Discussion groups were held to identify common issues among countries, share experiences, and identify actions that could be taken at various levels to support improved coastal area management. These proceedings document the efforts of the participants and the final outcomes of the meeting and constitute a valuable resource for those engaged in t he tsunami rehabilitation efforts and other similar activities.
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    Regional workshop. One year later the rehabilitation of fisheries and aquaculture in coastal communities of tsunami affected countries in Asia 2006
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    The massive earthquake and subsequent tsunami waves that originated off the west coast of northern Sumatra caused extensive loss of lives and damage to coastal communities in countries affected. Damage included loss of whole villages, homes, fishing and aquaculture infrastructure, fishing vessels and gear, aquaculture facilities and markets, as well as other livelihood assets. As an initial coordination step, the regional fishery bodies in the region banded together and formed a consortium to Re store Shattered Livelihoods in Tsunami-devastated Nations (CONSRN). A workshop was organized to discuss overall policy directions on which to base reconstruction and rehabilitation. One year later a second workshop was held on 30 to 31 March 2006 in Bangkok, Thailand to review progress in rehabilitation of fisheries and aquaculture in coastal communities of tsunami affected countries in Asia. The meeting was attended by 40 participants including representatives from India, Indonesia, Malaysia, M aldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand as well as by representatives of CONSRN, donor agencies and NGOs. This document presents the report of the workshop which reviewed the issues that emerged from the tsunami rehabilitation process and recommended future directions for addressing outstanding needs and achievement of national strategic policies regarding tsunami rehabilitation.

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