Thumbnail Image

Illegal logging and trade of illegally-derived forest: Africa and the sustanable market

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022









Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Article
    Case study of national timber legality systems as global efforts to prevent illegal logging
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Global society has been putting efforts together to prevent forests from rampant deforestation and illegal logging worldwide since sustainability is a common goal for the Earth. At the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) called Rio+10, global efforts of timber importing countries and private sectors to restrain illegal logging were discussed in 2002. As a market instrument to eradicate illegal logging, timber legality systems in consumer countries have been implemented, starting with the United States since 2008, the European Union (EU) since 2013, Indonesia since 2016, Australia since 2017, Japan since 2018, and the Republic of Korea since 2019. In the implementation stage of the timber legality, the due diligence system plays a role in reducing the risk of illegally logged timber in a supply chain. This study investigated the due diligence system of Australian timber legality as a good practice and analyzed it according to the standard of risk management of International Standard Organization (ISO) consisting of 1) risk identification, 2) risk analysis, 3) risk assessment, 4) risk treatment, and 5) monitoring and review. As a result, the due diligence system of Australia was compatible with the risk management criteria of ISO. The timber legality in Australia was established based on relevant laws and regulations. Its system stepwise was composed of risk assessment and mitigation as well as risk identification and analysis of illegal logging possibility in accordance with origins and species. Eventually, this study clarified the structure of due diligence systems and evaluated the crucial points of these systems based on standards of ISO risk management. Results of this study will contribute to our understanding of timber legality towards sustainable development. Keywords: International Standard Organization (ISO), Timber Legality System, Due Diligence, Risk Management ID: 3623617
  • Thumbnail Image
    Project
    Contributing to Sustainable Forest Management and Poverty Reduction by Tackling Illegal Logging and Promoting Trade in Legal Timber Products - GCP/GLO/397/EC and GCP/GLO/600/MUL 2023
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Poor forest governance, unclear legal frameworks, weak law enforcement and demand for cheap timber and timber products all contribute to illegal practices in the forest sector. These practices jeopardize efforts to improve sustainable forest management (SFM) and have a significant impact on a country's ability to achieve broader sustainable development goals such as poverty alleviation, food security and climate change mitigation. As part of an effort to tackle illegal logging and associated trade, the European Union’s Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan was established in 2003 to help tropical timber producing countries establish and implement measures to promote trade in legal timber products. Under this framework, tropical timber producing countries and the European Union enter into Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs), bilateral trade agreements which commit to exporting only legal timber into European markets. In this context, the FAO EU FLEGT Programme provided technical support and resources for the negotiation and implementation of VPAs, while in countries not engaged in a formal VPA process, the Programme supported measures to improve law enforcement, timber legality assurance and overall forest sector governance.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Article
    Possibility of local wood from a global perspective the environmental performance on wooden main stadium of Tokyo 2020
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Timber is a renewable and sustainable material which potentially plays a leading role in the development of a sustainable society. This is the rationale behind Japan passing the Act for Promotion of Use of Wood in Buildings, etc. to Contribute to the Realization of a Decarbonized Society in 2021. To promote timber utilization, the forestry and timber business sectors should cooperate with green consumers. However, there are several challenges to address before such a cooperation can be achieved: illegal logging, vulnerable forest management, and related trade. FSC and PEFC have made substantial contributions by developing forest management schemes with supply chain certification. However, voluntary certification schemes have a cost bottleneck to become mainstream in the global timber supply chain. The Woodmiles Forum, a Japanese private organization, argued that locality is an important factor in eliminating environmental risks. Firstly, it reduces the environmental impact of CO2 emissions from the transportation process, which accounts for half the carbon footprint. Secondly, it reduces the cost of transporting long-distance environmental information, such as forest and legality certification. Taking advantage of this accumulation, the Forum evaluated the new national stadium, which was the main venue for Tokyo 2020. The stadium is built of regional local timber from all over Japan. We compared the results of this evaluation with the evaluation of the facilities in London 2012. The environmental significance of regional timber is that the transparency of the supply chain can be easily ensured. Additionally, the environmental load of the timber transportation process is small, and this is the focus of this study. Keywords: Local Wood, Woodmiles, Tokyo 2020, Circular Economy, Climate Change ID:3486248

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.