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Enhanced Rural Resilience in Yemen









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    Yemen Plan of Action. Towards Resilient and Sustainable Livelihoods for Agriculture and Food and Nutrition Security 2014-2018 2014
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    Yemen, one of the least developed countries in the world, is experiencing a complex and protracted crisis that has heavily affected its political and socio-economic stability and economic performance. Years of conflict – compounded by the degradation of natural resources, limited food production, climate change and variability, population growth and widespread unemployment – have made much of Yemen’s population extremely vulnerable. Hunger affects 10.5 million people (nearly half the nation), in cluding 4.5 million who are severely food insecure. An overlapping 55 percent live in poverty and 35 percent are unemployed. Rural populations are disproportionately vulnerable, accounting for 84 percent of the country’s poor. Competition over scarce opportunities, resources and services is increasing fast. Yemen’s population is growing by 3.6 percent per year, half of its people are under the age of 15 and 60 percent of youth are jobless. Lack of employment opportunities, particularly for youth , fuels alienation and exclusion from the state and economy, and feeds into conflict, instability and increased migration. Growing numbers of internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees, migrants and returnees throughout Yemen are exerting further unsustainable pressure. Once self-sufficient in cereals, Yemen now depends on oil revenue to import nearly all of the country’s food. Around 95 percent of cereals consumed and 85 percent of overall foodstuffs were imported in 2013. Rising internationa l commodity prices further threaten the food consumption and dietary diversity of Yemen’s poor, as families must spend more money for the same amount of food. To cope, poor households often cut other critical expenses, such as schooling and medical care. There is tremendous need, scope and potential to strengthen agriculture in Yemen. The sector – encompassing crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry production – employs over half of the labour force and provides a livelihood to two out of three people. Despite severe resource constraints, agriculture remains one of the most promising sectors in terms of employment creation, economic growth and trade development.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO’s response in Yemen
    Briefing note
    2018
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    Yemen is facing the world’s largest food security crisis. Ongoing conflict, now entering its fourth year, has led to a severe economic decline and collapsed essential services, taking an enormous toll on the population and exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. The expansion of the conflict has also led to large-scale displacement and high rates of malnutrition. The agriculture sector is among the worst hit by the current crisis and local food production has been severely compromised. The absence of veterinary services, coupled with scarcity and the high cost of drugs and animal feed has contributed to poor production. The country’s low food self-sufficiency has been worsened by the conflict, which has disrupted economic activities, led to the suspension of safety net programmes and the implementation of import restrictions. Agriculture must be an integral part of the humanitarian response to prevent Yemen’s dire food security situation from worsening. FAO’s programmes in Yemen aim to save livelihoods through the provision of supplies, knowledge and training to support the most vulnerable Yemeni communities to enhance their resilience and improve their food security and nutrition. To achieve lasting impact on food security and nutrition and to restore and strengthen the agricultural livelihoods of vulnerable families, FAO has developed two plans to guide its response over the next three years.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Yemen | Humanitarian Response Plan 2019
    FAO in the 2019 humanitarian appeals
    2019
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    Yemen remains the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. The protracted crisis has taken a devastating toll on the economy, collapsing essential services and exhausting the population’s coping mechanisms, leading to widespread food insecurity and malnutrition. To restore agricultural livelihoods and promote self-reliance. In 2019, FAO requires USD 218.5 million to assist 8.6 million people.

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