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Strengthening Household Food Security Stressed by Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic Containment Measures in DPR Korea - TCP/DRK/3804








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    Meeting
    State of food and agriculture in the Asia and Pacific region, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic
    Thirty-sixth Session of the FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific (APRC 36)
    2022
    FAO has been intensively working on the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme, to reach a larger share of rural populations and to relaunch economic activities. In addition to response, the Programme is also working on building back better and stronger towards transforming agrifood systems across all our Four Betters, with an emphasis on its seven priority areas of work as well as focus on science and innovation, climate change, legal frameworks and scaling up existing programmes. This paper examines the situation in Asia and the Pacific during the COVID-19 pandemic situation in 2020 and 2021. It reviews the health, economic, livelihood, and food security impacts both regionally and at the country level for specific groups such as the poor and the most vulnerable segments of the population. Given the broad socio-economic reach of the pandemic, the Report examines the macro-economic impacts and the effects on employment and income, migration and trade, economic growth and government fiscal space, food security and nutrition, poverty, and hunger. The Report also reviews the various government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic covering the health crisis, macro economy, unemployment, food supply disruptions, food demand shocks arising from the pandemic lockdowns, reduced mobility, restrictions on international travel, and internal and cross border migration. These responses include government investments in health services; expansion of social protection measures to new groups and beneficiaries; measures to ensure continued trade in critical food and health products, and financial support measures to minimize job losses and reduce food supply chain disruptions. It also covers new policies and investment priorities, including digital technologies, to rebuild agrifood systems that are resilient, inclusive and green.
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    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    Food insecurity is widespread in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea due to insufficient agricultural production, households’ inability to access diverse food, poor food utilization and a limited capacity to cope with recurrent natural disasters, including droughts and floods. Following the outbreak of COVID-19 in China in December 2019, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea took early measures in January 2020, including restrictions on the movement of people, goods and supplies across the country. These measures have prevented an outbreak of COVID-19 in the country, with no reported cases. In early April 2020, the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea started a phased relaxation of COVID-19-related restrictions and cautiously reopened limited cross-border trade with China along the Dandong-Shinju border. However, some COVID-19 containment measures remain in place, such as strict rules in economic activities and travel, as well as imports and fishing in border and coastal areas; and public health measures, including educational and awareness-raising campaigns. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Chad | Revised humanitarian response (May–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    In Chad, recurrent climatic shocks and conflict are exacerbating people’s food insecurity, particularly in the Lake Chad Basin, where there are nearly 300 000 displaced people. In addition, the country hosts a large number of refugees from the Central African Republic and the Sudan. Despite good cereal production from the 2019/20 agricultural season, a 42-percent fodder deficit was registered in the Sahel region, significantly affecting feed availability for pastoralists’ during the dry season. Furthermore, drought, irregular rainfall and increased insecurity are preventing herders from access grazing land. Livestock mortality rates have al o been increasing during this year’s pastoral lean season. Following confirmed COVID-19 cases, the Government put in place a series of urgent and essential health-related mitigation measures, including the lockdown of all the main cities, movement restrictions and border closures. These are indirectly affecting the supply chain, limiting imports and disrupting markets, which is adding pressure on conflict-affected areas – Lake Chad Basin and Tibesti – where 40 percent of the population is experiencing difficulties in accessing markets. In addition, the prices of millet – one of Chad’s most important subsistence crops – has sharply increased, by 37 percent between April 2019 and April 2020. In the framework of FAO’s Corporate COVID-19 Response and Recovery Programme and the United Nations Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.

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