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Protección forestal

Comité forestal, 18º período de sesiones, Roma, Italia, 13-16 de marzo de 2007









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    Evaluación independiente del funcionamiento de la Convención Internacional de Protección Fitosanitaria y sus mecanismos institucionales 2007
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    La Convención Internacional de Protección Fitosanitaria (CIPF) es un tratado internacional sobre sanidad vegetal, que en septiembre de 2007 contaba con la adhesión de 165 gobiernos. La FAO proporciona la Secretaría de la CIPF y el gobierno de la Convención corresponde a la Comisión de Medidas Fitosanitarias (CMF). En el acuerdo de la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) sobre materias sanitarias y fitosanitarias (MSF) se reconoce la función que desempeña la CIPF como organización internaciona l para el establecimiento de normas con objeto de garantizar que las medidas fitosanitarias no se utilicen para crear obstáculos no justificados al comercio. Como consecuencia de ello, se adoptaron medidas para adaptar la Convención a las nuevas realidades. El resultado fue la elaboración de un texto revisado que ampliaba el alcance y el mandato de la CIPF a fin de incluir el establecimiento de normas, el fomento de la prestación de asistencia técnica y el examen de las preocupaciones ambientale s. El texto revisado de la CIPF fue aprobado en 1997 y entró en vigor en octubre de 2005
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A cut for the poor. Proceedings of the international conference on managing forests for poverty reduction: Capturing opportunities in forest harvesting and wood processing for the benefit of the poor 2007
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    For the past 150 years, commercial timber harvesting in Asia has been the domain of governments and private companies. When valuable timber was at stake local people were typically ignored; if they were involved at all it was usually as wage labourers. To address the challenge of capturing opportunities in forest harvesting and wood processing for the benefit of the poor, FAO and a broad range of partner institutions collaborated in convening this international conference attended by 150 partic ipants from 31 countries from 3 to 6 October 2006 in Ho Chi Minh City, VietNam. The conference specifically aimed to draw out recent experiences on pro-poor forest harvesting and processing, and to deveop strategies for further enhancing the effective involvement of the poor in these activities. Five themes were highlighted: policies and legislation, economic aspects, forest management modalities and institutional issues, technical aspects and market access. The emerging themes were brought tog ether into a declaration that targets key areas for attention by policy-makers, the private sector, practitioners and communities. This publication provides the proceedings of the workshop including papers on each of the conference themes, as well as the conference declaration.
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