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Land use statistics and indicators

Global, regional and country trends, 2000–2020











FAO. 2022. Land use statistics and indicators. Global, regional and country trends, 2000–2020. FAOSTAT Analytical Brief, no. 48. Rome.



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    Booklet
    Land statistics and indicators 2000–2021
    Global, regional and country trends
    2023
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    Land use statistics describe the ways in which land is utilized and managed by humans and allocated for different purposes, including through administrative arrangements. FAO collects annual land use data from countries via a standard Land Use, Irrigation and Agricultural Practices questionnaire, covering the full land use matrix in countries using international definitions first developed by the World Census of Agriculture. The resulting Land Use statistics and indicators are disseminated annually in FAOSTAT and complemented by land cover statistics independently compiled by FAO from available land cover maps. This analytical brief reports the main results and changes over time in land statistics and indicators with details at global, regional and country level during the past two decades (2000–2021), with a focus on agriculture.
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    Book (series)
    Land statistics. Global, regional and country trends 1990–2018 2020
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    The FAOSTAT Land Use statistics and associated land indicators provide information on the full land use matrix by country, including agricultural land (1961–2018) and forest land (1990–2018). These statistics are based on data collected annually from countries via a standard Land Use, Irrigation and Agricultural Practices questionnaire. Forest land statistics in the dataset are collected separately from countries through the FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA, 2020). The FAOSTAT Land Cover statistics are conversely produced by FAO, based on its Land Cover Classification System (FAO-LCCS) (De Gregorio, 2015). Information is derived from remote sensing products generated independently by specialized Agencies, currently NASA (MODIS land cover) and the European Copernicus Climate Change service (CCI land cover). Thei brief provides an overview of the main results and changes over time in land use statistics with a focus on agricultural land uses, and with details at global, regional and country level. Additional information is provided on important irrigation and agricultural practices also collected via the above-mentioned FAO questionnaire. It also presents some of the results from the land cover dataset also at global, regional and country level and compares them to land use statistics, thus giving for the first time a joint view of land statistics in FAOSTAT.
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    Booklet
    Emissions due to agriculture
    Global, regional and country trends 2000–2018
    2021
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    The FAOSTAT emissions database is composed of several data domains covering the categories of the IPCC Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector of the national GHG inventory. Energy use in agriculture is additionally included as relevant to emissions from agriculture as an economic production sector under the ISIC A statistical classification, though recognizing that, in terms of IPCC, they are instead part of the Energy sector of the national GHG inventory. FAO emissions estimates are available over the period 1961–2018 for agriculture production processes from crop and livestock activities. Land use emissions and removals are generally available only for the period 1990–2019. This analytical brief focuses on overall trends over the period 2000–2018.

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