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The Republic of Namibia - Fall armyworm impact and needs assessment - 2018









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    Project
    Building the Resilience of Communities Against Drought in Namibia -TCP/NAM/3605 2019
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    In 2016, recurrent dry conditions affecting Namibia were exacerbated by one of the worst El Niño episodes on record. This resulted in widespread crop failure during the 2015-2016 agricultural season, with the staple crops, maize and mahangu, attaining below average national yields of 62 percent and 39 percent, respectively. The impact upon the agriculture sector was compounded by water scarcity, increased incidence of disease, high food prices and declining livestock prices. With the loss of livelihoods for 1.5 million subsistence farmers and pastoralists and more than 720 000 people (36 percent of the country’s population) reported to be food insecure, a state of emergency was declared by the country’s President. In response, FAO mobilized resources to continue and expand its technical assistance to the Government of Namibia through resilience-building interventions targeting selected drought-affected communities.
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    Project
    Emergency Assistance to Promote Sustainable Livelihoods and Resilience Building for Drought-Affected Communities in Namibia - TCP/NAM/3705 2021
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    Small scale farming represents the backbone of the agriculture sector in Namibia, driven by livestock rearing, production and export as a main source of food, livelihood and income Over the years, smallholder crop production has increasingly added a significant dimension to the agriculture sector, despite its heavy reliance on rainfed and subsistence based production, which predisposes rural households to climate related vulnerabilities In this context, the most vulnerable households are still recovering from the aftermath of 2013 2014 and 2015 2016 El Niño induced droughts, the worst the country experienced in over 80 years. Since then, Namibia has seen a spike in agricultural production, thanks to favourable weather conditions except for pockets of household food insecurity in the northwest, west and southern regions hardest hit by dry spells, excessive rains and high prevalence of the Fall Armyworm ( As farmers gear up for the next agricultural season, another El Niño event is probable and already altering precipitation patterns Of particular concern is the slow regreening of vegetation, owing to poor and delayed onset of rains, with severe implications for grazing and livestock conditions in hotspot areas If the current forecast holds, 150 000 households may face a combination of poor harvests and/or reduced herds and further livestock mortalities, as well as limited access to water for the third consecutive season This would be detrimental for livelihoods and the overall ability to cope, deepening food and nutrition insecurity in 2019 with ripple effects felt in 2020 and beyond Against this background, the project aimed to protect and restore agricultural production, incomes and assets, and ensure a nutritious and diversified diet for the most vulnerable households in times of El Niño induced climate extremes and stressors.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Africa Report - No. 2 September 2005 2005
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    Eastern Africa: Prospects for the 2005 main season cereal crops have improved in some major producing areas of the subregion due to favourable rains. The overall food situation, however, remains precarious with high malnutrition rates reported in several countries in the subregion due to the effects of war, displacement and earlier droughts. Currently, more than 18 million people in the subregion depend on humanitarian assistance. The situation in Sudan is particularly alarming due to con tinued conflict that has resulted in a serious food situation, especially in Darfur and southern Sudan. In Somalia, recent assessments indicate severe food insecurity in several parts of the country. Below average 2005 main “gu” season harvest in southern Somalia coupled with an upsurge in civil strife have exacerbated the situation. Nearly one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Recent food aid pledges for Eritrea and Ethiopia have boosted the food aid pipeline, but deliv eries need to be accelerated. Southern Africa: About 12 million people in the subregion, two-thirds of them in Zimbabwe and Malawi, are in need of emergency food assistance in the current marketing year. The situation is expected to worsen during the lean months until the next harvest in April-May, unless international relief is provided urgently. Most countries of the subregion including Zimbabwe, Botswana, Malawi, Namibia, Lesotho, Zambia and Swaziland have gathered below average main s eason cereal harvests in 2005. In Zimbabwe, high inflation coupled with shortages of maize grain and fuel as well as transport problems are causing serious food insecurity. For the same reasons, prospects for 2006 are dire, regardless of rainfall. In Malawi, about 4.6 million vulnerable people are facing severe food shortages and require an estimated 414 000 tonnes of cereals in emergency assistance. Current high maize prices are exacerbating the situation. Above average cereal harvests ha ve been estimated for South Africa, Angola, Mozambique and Madagascar. South Africa’s record maize harvest of 12.4 million tonnes is estimated to result in an exportable surplus of about 5 million tonnes, more than enough to cover the subregion’s import requirements. WFP’s regional Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation has so far received only 30 percent of the 704 000 tonnes requirement over a three-year period (2005-07). Western Africa: The Sahel and northern parts of coastal countrie s continue to face a difficult lean season, due to depleted household food stocks and unusually high food prices. However, current season crop development in the Sahel has been satisfactory so far in main producing zones, due to favourable growing conditions. In Niger, the food situation remains critical, and WFP has expanded its emergency operation to assist 2.5 million people until the end of the lean season in October. In Côte d’Ivoire, insecurity, labour shortages and the de facto partit ion of the country continue to disrupt agricultural production and marketing activities. In Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, food assistance continues to be needed for internally displaced people and refugees. Central Africa: Cereal harvests of the main season (2005B) were favourable in Rwanda and Burundi with improvements in the order of 33 percent and 7 percent above the five-year averages in the two countries, respectively. Food insecurity persists in the violence-prone eastern part of DRC and in pockets of chronically vulnerable districts in Burundi and Rwanda.

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