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Northern Ethiopia | Urgent call for assistance

Tigray, Afar, Amhara










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    Newsletter
    GIEWS Update - The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    Dire food insecurity situation in northern areas due to conflict
    2021
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    In northern Tigray Region and neighbouring Amhara and Afar regions, conflict has severely damaged rural livelihood systems and displaced about 3.2 million people. In Tigray Region, crop production of the main 2021 “Meher” harvest, currently underway, is estimated to be 58 percent below the already poor 2020 main harvest, resulting in the third consecutive season with reduced production since the start of hostilities in November 2020. About 15 percent of the heads of livestock in Tigray Region has been looted or slaughtered. In June 2021, about 4.4 million people in conflict-affected areas were projected to face severe food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 [Crisis] and above) between July and September, including 401 000 people in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe). The current prevalence and severity of food insecurity are likely to be higher as the projection could not be carried out for all areas affected by the conflict in June and due to the expansion of hostilities to most of Afar and Amhara regions since July. Unimpeded humanitarian access is urgently needed to support vulnerable households in conflict‑affected areas to avert the risk of famine.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Northern Ethiopia | Situation overview – November 2021
    Tigray, Afar and Amhara
    2021
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    Northern Ethiopia is experiencing one of world's worst food crises. The escalation of conflict in Tigray, Afar, and Amhara is once again occurring at the peak of the main agricultural season (Meher) harvest period. This is hindering harvesting in some areas and, with 80 percent of the population reliant on agriculture for their food and income, further compromising an already extremely fragile food security situation. The emergency response is facing a combination of constraints; one such limitation is the significant funding shortfalls particularly affecting livelihood assistance. This document provides an overview of the humanitarian situation and an update on FAO's response to the ongoing crisis. The benefits of investing in agriculture, even in times of conflict, are visible in Tigray: the food security and nutrition of households benefiting from agricultural support have increased. Investing in agriculture improves households’ self‑reliance and reduces the need for prolonged humanitarian support. We must scale up sustainable agricultural assistance.
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    Project
    Ethiopia: Project Highlights - OSRO/ETH/211/USA 2023
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    Agriculture and livelihood interventions were urgently required to restart food production. Following the conflict in Tigray, the Tigray Bureau of Agriculture estimated that damage incurred in the agriculture sector alone was ETB 120 billion (about USD 2 billion). The protracted conflict affected about 1.1 million households dependent on agriculture for livelihoods, income and food security. This scenario had far-reaching food security consequences, with an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis released in June 2021 indicating that approximately 5.5 million people in Tigray and neighbouring conflict-affected areas of Afar and Amhara regions were facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity and required emergency assistance to meet their basic needs. In response, the project carried out the targeted distribution of agricultural inputs (fertilizer and seeds), as well as the provision of trainings on fertilizer application and handling, good agronomic practices, and post-harvest handling. The project successfully reached 283 747 conflict-affected households (approximately 1 418 735 people), of whom 121 481 were headed by women (42 percent). The total households reached represent 82 percent of the planned target of 344 000 households.

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