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Socio-economic and cultural factors in the research and control trypanosomiasis












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    Book (series)
    Trypanotolerant livestock in the context of trypanosomiasis intervention strategies 2004
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    Trypanosomiasis poses a considerable constraint on livestock-agricultural development in tsetse-infested areas of sub-Saharan Africa. For various and complex reasons, many efforts to limit or eradicate trypanosomiasis have failed or have had limited success. However, in certain areas of West Africa, livestock production remains impossible, despite the presence of tsetse fly, though the use of cattle and small ruminant breeds that are tolerant to the disease.
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    Book (series)
    Geospatial datasets and analyses for an environmental approach to African trypanosomiasis
    PAAT technical and scientific series 9
    2009
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    Geospatial datasets and analysis techniques based on geographic information systems (GIS) have become indispensable tools in the planning, implementation and evaluation of a wide range of development programmes, including actions addressing sustainable agriculture and rural development. The growing volume of spatially explicit environmental information, combined with the widening utilization of GIS, allows ecological and socioeconomic factors to be integrated more fully into the decision-making process, thus laying the foundation for a holistic approach to development. This publication provides a cross-section of actual and potential applications of GIS in the context of interventions against tsetse and trypanosomiasis (T&T). It aims to promote the sharing of knowledge and harmonization of methodologies among the wide range of actors concerned with the T&T problem. In the first section, a selection of geospatial datasets available in the public domai n is reviewed through the lens of their possible use within T&T interventions. This review is followed by three case studies from two countries affected by trypanosomiasis (Burkina Faso and Botswana). The case studies provide examples of the application of GIS in operational scenarios and pay particular attention to data collection, management and analysis in the context of area-wide integrated management of tsetse and trypanosomiasis.
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    Mapping the benefits: developing a new decision tool for tsetse and trypanosomiasis interventions 2004
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    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of linking quantitative economic variables to a geographical information system (GIS) spatial framework in order to provide new insights and reinforce the decision-making process for tsetse and trypanosomiasis (T&T) interventions. Hitherto, GIS studies have mapped a series of ecological, demographic and socio-economic indicators, but have stopped short of mapping the distribution of a derived measure quantified in monet ary units. Furthermore, the economic aspects of T&T control have historically been dealt with separately from their other effects, with results usually expressed in terms of benefit–cost ratios or extra income per head of livestock. Even when they have been expressed in terms of dollars per square kilometre these results have not been mapped; instead they have been used as inputs for benefit–cost type analyses. In contrast, our approach combines – for the first time – economic he rd models with mapping of both breed/production systems and the expansion of livestock populations under various scenarios.

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