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FAO/Somalia Plan of Action 2011-2012






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    Document
    FAO Strategy in Somalia & Plan of Action 2011-2015 2017
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    Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world. Torn by a twenty – year long civil war, suffering the absence of a functioning national state, enduring climate-driven and manmade natural disasters and degraded natural recourse base, the country’s human development state is in disarray. Food insecurity and threatened livelihoods are pervasive, especially in the South Central region, the physical and economic infrastructure destroyed, delivery of public goods absent or very limited and massi ve internal and external migration has taken place with large numbers of Internally Displaced Persons. In this very challenging context, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations set off to formulate its Strategy for 2011-2015 that will be operationalized by rolling Plans of Actions. The overarching objective of the FAO Strategy is to improve livelihoods and food security in Somalia. The Strategy is articulated around the following six strategic components which constitute the entry points for engagement in Somalia, identified by a series of participatory problem-identification and analysis workshops and in close consultation with national and external stakeholders. I. Increasing and stabilizing agricultural production and productivity and rural families’ incomes II. Improving profitable and sustainable utilization of livestock resources III. Sustainable fishing for increased incomes of fishing communities and fishermen IV. Managing natural resources for recovery and sustainable use V. Supporting Public/Private Partnerships and local institutions and groups VI. Improving preparedness The Strategy puts a strong emphasis on fighting poverty as poverty is considered as the main driver of the past and current conflicts. Central to this emphasis is the understanding of the socio-economic impact of poverty on the lives of Somali men and women. Agriculture (and livestock)-led growth, complemented by incomegenerating activities and diversification, is the basis on w hich families’ income will be restored and building back better local economies will rest upon. The principle of building back better calls for a linkage at the early stages of humanitarian responses between short-term humanitarian actions and longer-term development interventions. FAO’s cooperation and coordination with bilateral and multilateral organizations working in Somalia will build on linking short-term humanitarian actions to long-term development ones. The Strategy is therefore based on a holistic cooperative approach that calls for the involvement of a variety of actors and partnerships with the private sector and locally based institutions that over the past years have been the main provider of services to local populations. Traditional knowledge has an important role for the Strategy as it devised, throughout Somali history, natural resource management systems and survival strategies that allowed Somalis to cope with risks and shocks. Future interventions will learn from and be built upon traditional coping and survival strategies.
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    FAO/ Somalia Plan of Action 2011-2013 2017
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    The FAO Somalia Plan of Action 2011-2013 is derived from the recently published FAO Strategy in Somalia 2011-2015 which provides the analysis, justification and underlying principles of FAO’s actions in the country. The overall goal of the Strategy is Improving Livelihoods and Food Security in Somalia informed by the principle of building back better. The Strategy is the outcome of a process that gave high officials from Somaliland, Puntland and South Central/ Transitional Federal Government -TF G the opportunity to voice their views on the priority issues that Somalia must resolve for direct impact and catalytic effect. The results of the discussions were refined and elaborated into specific objectives and outcomes by the FAO Somalia team of national and international experts on the basis of their considerable experience of Somalia and hard data and information from various sources, particularly from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the Somali Water and Land In formation Management project (SWALIM).
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO in Somalia 2012
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