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The FAO component of the Sahel 2013 humanitarian appeals








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    Document
    Cuba - Plan Of Action. Response to needs arising from Hurricane Sandy - November 2012 2013
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    Hurricane Sandy hit the eastern region of Cuba hard. It passed through the country on 25 October, 2012 as a category 2 Hurricane (approaching category 3) in a five hours span. Sustained winds reached 200 km/h as Sandy lashed Cuba´s second and third most populated provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Holguin, respectively. 340,000 people were evacuated as a preventative measure, of whom 300,000 stayed with relatives. With the exception of 1,000 people accommodated in collective centres, these people have now returned to their damaged homes. Despite these preparedness measures, 11 people died and some three million people (27% of the country's inhabitants) are indirectly affected. At least half of these have had their housing, water, and food directly affected. Half of this population is female. More than 226,600 homes were damaged (representing 50% of the inhabitants of the eastern region) and at least 17,000 were destroyed - the majority in the City of Santiago de Cuba, with a population of close to 500,000 people. Although the Government of Cuba is responding swiftly and effectively to the hurricane, additional response is needed. The United Nations System, in support of the initial response of the Government, is working closely with local authorities, donors and emergency organizations to support national efforts. UN agencies mobilized $1.5 million in emergency funds, which was complemented by a $1.6 million allocation from the Central Emergency Response Fund from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The urban context of the affected area, with significant losses in housing, food reserves, crops, and storage and production facilities, combined with Santiago de Cuba´s importance as an economic hub for the eastern region and the country, has strained response capacity and leaves a huge impact on the living conditions of affected people. Given the magnitude of the storm and the resulting devastation, those affected ne ed urgent support to maintain basic health and nutritional standards and to provide adequate shelter/housing conditions. Of particular concern are heightened needs of vulnerable groups, such as women, pregnant women, children under five, as well as elderly people over 65. Immediate assistance is intended to address basic needs, and support start-up of recovery activities, while reducing vulnerabilities by strengthening communities’ resilience to future extreme weather. Food security is of pr iority given the magnitude of the losses of food combined with damage to food storage facilities. In addition to large losses in agriculture crops in the eastern region hit directly by the hurricane, subsequent flooding in the central regions compounds food losses. There is also an urgent need to restore health care services including repair of structures, replacement of medical equipment and restocking of medicines such as antibiotics and supplies. It must be assured that vaccination serv ices are resumed, early warning surveillance, prevention and treatment of potential disease outbreak, provision of maternal health services and sexual and reproductive health are in place. The immediate return of students and teachers to classes requires emergency repairs to damaged schools and replacement of school materials, interventions to provide potable water and sanitation, and construction material to repair roofs. This Plan of Action is seeking $30.6 million to address the urgent needs of the population affected by Hurricane Sandy.1 The UNS developed this plan recognizing the priorities of the affected population and was discussed with the Government. The UNS also held discussions with the Red Cross and international NGOs to avoid duplication of efforts. All projects and activities in the Plan of Action have humanitarian aspects that will be implemented during the first six months. Due to the particularities of the impact of this disaster and its urban context, many projects will continue until 18 months, strengthening the transition recovery. This strategy will cover basic immediate needs as well as support the improvement of living conditions of affected people.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    FAO in the 2015 Humanitarian Appeals 2015
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    Highlighting the priorities and challenges currently facing the humanitarian community, the publication brings the attention of resource partners to FAO’s funding requirements (USD 728 million) under the global United Nations and partners’ 2015 Humanitarian Appeal (http://www.unocha.org/2015appeal/). The publication focuses on FAO’s comparative advantage in responding to agricultural threats and emergencies. The latest food security situation and resulting funding needs are presented for 13 coun tries and five regions covered by the global Appeal. Emphasis is on emergency response as a component of wider resilience building efforts. A short section on “leveraging FAO’s expertise" demonstrates the value of integrating the Organization’s emergency and development expertise. The document also provides a snapshot of some FAO achievements in emergency response in 2014 and highlights key funding mechanisms.
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    Journal, magazine, bulletin
    Food Security and Humanitarian Implications in West Africa and the Sahel. N°51 - November/December 2013 2013
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    The cereal harvests, which are estimated to be above the five-year average in the Sahel region (+1%) and in the West Africa region (+16%) have spurred a seasonal price decrease in most markets. However, prices remain higher than their five-year averages in the eastern and western trade basins of the region, which affects the purchasing power of many vulnerable households, particularly in Chad, Niger and Ghana. The chronic vulnerability of populations, erosion of livelihoods after recurrent crise s (2008, 2010, and 2012), bad agro-pastoral productions in some areas, floods and other localized shocks ex-plain the food insecurity of 13 million people at the end of 2013, despite average harvests. Moreover, 4.5 million children suffer from acute malnutrition in West Africa and the Sahel region. The regional partners highlight the urgent need of rebuilding national food stocks and the implementation of appropriate responses which fit population needs, particularly those of refugees and food i nsecure households. The decrease in agricultural production in some areas in the Sahel may lead to food and nutrition insecurity, which must be closely monitored.

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