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Fruit fly control for mango farmers in Ghana








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    Document
    Regional Standard for Phytosanitary Measures (RSPM) for Mango Fruit
    RSPM for Mango Fruit
    2021
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    Mango (Mangifera indica) fruit is one of important fruit commodities. Its production has been growing in the Asia and Pacific region. However, its trade is sometimes hindered by pests when they are introduced to importing countries and have the potential of negative economic impacts. Pests that move with fresh mango and have historically posed a serious threat to agriculture include fruit flies, fruit boring moths and beetles, as well as scale insects and mealybugs. Risks of such pests may vary within and between countries. In this connection, importing NPPOs should conduct pest risk analysis (PRA) to identify quarantine pests and provide the technical justification for phytosanitary import requirements. Hence a regional standard has been developed. The standard will help promote trade by providing a set of harmonized measures that may be applied to the management of pest risks identified by the PRA. Where appropriate, pests are grouped according to the measures that effectively manage pest risk. This standard provides guidance on procedures for establishing phytosanitary import requirements. It identifies and describes specific phytosanitary measures that could be implemented to reduce pest risk and provides guidance on sampling, inspection and phytosanitary certification of mango fruit for export. This standard also provides national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) with guidance on reducing the risk of introduction of specific pests associated with the international movement of fresh mango fruit intended for consumption or processing. This standard applies to all varieties of mango fruit with or without a small section of fruit stalk (pedicel) attached but without leaves or stem. Some major pests of mango fruit, and measures to manage them are also included in this standard. These measures include those that have been adopted as International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) as well as those that are used by APPPC member countries to reduce the movement of pests with the international trade of fresh mango. This standard does not address the issues related to living modified organisms, food safety, climate change, quality of mango fruit, or diversion from intended use.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Fruit fly management in Palau advisory leaflet 2019
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    There are over 4500 fruit fly species in the world and more than 50 of them are classified as major pests. There have been cases of succesful eradication of fruit flies in the Pacific, such as, in Nauru (Mango fruit fly, Breadfruit fruit fly, Oriental fruit fly) from 1998 - 2000 and the Oriental fruit fly in the 1960s. The fruit fly management fact sheet outlines the impacts of three species of fruit flies (Mango fruit fly, Breadfruit fruit fly, Oriental fruit fly) in Palau. The fact sheet describes the biology, distribution, hosts and method of control of the fruit flies.
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    Controlling mango fruit fly in Benin 2010
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    The mango fruit fly is causing huge losses to mango farmers in the export market, practices that can be used to control the invasion of the two main species of fruit flies are being applied to reduce the probability of infestation.

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